Why It Actually Took 50 Years to Make COVID mRNA Vaccines

5 657 Shikime 579 mijë

The FDA recently approved two mRNA vaccines for COVID-19, but it was a challenge to make this type of vaccine work. And it took decades of research to get us to the point where scientists could make those vaccines as quickly as they did.
Hosted by: Hank Green
SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It's called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at www.scishowtangents.org
----------
Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: www.patreon.com/scishow
----------
Huge thanks go to the following Patreon supporters for helping us keep SciShow free for everyone forever:
Silas Emrys, Jb Taishoff, Bd_Tmprd, Harrison Mills, Jeffrey Mckishen, James Knight, Christoph Schwanke, Jacob, Matt Curls, Sam Buck, Christopher R Boucher, Eric Jensen, Lehel Kovacs, Adam Brainard, Greg, Ash, Sam Lutfi, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, charles george, Alex Hackman, Chris Peters, Kevin Bealer
----------
Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet?
Facebook: scishow
Twitter: scishow
Tumblr: scishow.tumblr.com
Instagram: thescishow
----------
Sources:
www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fimmu.2019.00594/full#h5
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6936610/
www.nature.com/articles/s41541-020-0159-8
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3478238/
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3597572/
academic.oup.com/pcp/article-abstract/27/4/619/1850703
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5964141/
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6631684/
www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fimmu.2018.01012/full
pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22549871/
www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1074761305002116
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5987916/
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2835112/
clincancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/13/2/540
www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/25/1/204/htm
www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.09.08.280818v1.abstract
www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa2028436
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4798869/
www.nature.com/articles/274923a0
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5439223/
www.cell.com/cell-host-microbe/pdf/S1931-3128(20)30248-1.pdf
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6901985/
www.nature.com/articles/nrd.2017.243
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7554980/
Images:
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Moderna_COVID-19_vaccine.jpg
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:PDB_1ucg_EBI.jpg
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:PDB_1bol_EBI.jpg
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:PDB_1ucd_EBI.jpg
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:PDB_2rln_EBI.jpg
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:MRNA_structure.svg
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:SolidLipidNanoparticle.jpg
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:SARS_virion.gif
phil.cdc.gov/Details.aspx?pid=15906
www.thingiverse.com/thing:3146686

Komente

  1. Bubble Burster
    Bubble Burster
    3 orë më parë

    Hypochlorous acid is a simple solution actually it’s your immune system reaction to destroy viruses. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7315945/

  2. Whatever Gina
    Whatever Gina
    7 orë më parë

    You are impossibly annoying to listen to

  3. Whatever Gina
    Whatever Gina
    7 orë më parë

    It didn't start in the '90s.

  4. Bella Nova
    Bella Nova
    8 orë më parë

    It's quite exciting to think of all the possible future applications of this technology!

  5. Bob Ingalls
    Bob Ingalls
    9 orë më parë

    Theses vaccines will negatively affect you cardiac, your brain and your lungs not to mention your immune system. This is slow kill bioweapon. We will see the fall out from this by 2023.

  6. Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
    Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
    9 orë më parë

    So many anti-vaxxers saying the same damn thing over and over.

  7. Kim Hughes
    Kim Hughes
    11 orë më parë

    How did they solve the issue of free floating RNA being used to spread tumor cells around the body?

  8. Larry VanBarriger
    Larry VanBarriger
    12 orë më parë

    The FDA has approved vaccines for emergency use only. Not the same as FDA approved. That's why it can't be mandated because it's not licensed.

    1. Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      9 orë më parë

      You not knowing what FDA approval entails is not a valid point.

  9. Youssif Fanoush
    Youssif Fanoush
    16 orë më parë

    Did you take the mRNA vaccine?

    1. Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      9 orë më parë

      Yes, Am I going to die according to your "Research"?

  10. R G
    R G
    Ditë më parë

    This should be good

  11. Bob Ingalls
    Bob Ingalls
    Ditë më parë

    They skipped over animal testing and went straight to humans. In the past, when they've tested mRNA on ferrets and other lab rodents, they all died or had serious reactions. Btw, this is NOT a vaccine in the traditional sense as it does not give you a weakened virus so that your body can create antibodies and become immune to it. Rather, it programs your cells to make the the key spike protein in covid. So then, your body will become a mass production site for the covid and you will become a mass spreader in what is known as Viral Shedding. This is also a depopulation bioweapon as it disrupts proteins that help create the placenta in pregnant women. There are actually 10 different ways that mRNA injection can harm you according to Dr. Sherri Tenpenny. Finally, when your body comes into contact with a similar coronavirus or even a mutated strain of it, your body is likely not to see as intruder since it is already making it. There goes your natural immune system. Another possible scenario is that your body will have a hyper immune response to coronavirus coming from the outside. Lastly, your body could have an auto immune response and begin attacking itself.

    1. Bob Ingalls
      Bob Ingalls
      2 orë më parë

      @Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou? The fact that it did not go thru the full FDA approval process and the fact it was passed under emergency measures is not even up for debate. The fact that you say it's not true means your a shill for big pharma

    2. Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      5 orë më parë

      @Bob Ingalls Time. You not knowing what FDA approval entails is not a valid point. The vaccines have undergo clinical trial so they are not experimental and we are not "lab rats". FDA approval is stage 5/Last stage before the release. Things that you say that is so absurd is the exact reason you fall for co-men on the internet.

    3. Bob Ingalls
      Bob Ingalls
      5 orë më parë

      @Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou? wrong, it was passed under EMERGENCY thanks to Trump *(sarcasm)*. It did not go through the full FDA approval. Even the military is not making it mandatory because they know this. The deaths and injuries are vastly underreported. For example, many hospitals don't consider a death to be from the vaccine if it did not happen within 45 min after the injection. Most vaccine injuries never get reported. Not only that, in the past when they tested this technology on ferrets and other rodents, they all died or serious complications. They skipped over animal trials with these so called vaccines and went straight to humans. You are the lab rat. That is a fact.........

    4. Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      7 orë më parë

      @Bob Ingalls the mRNA vaccines are objectively vaccines so you don't know what a vaccine is, they completed clinical trials so we are not "lab rats", and there have been zero deaths conclusively except for a few with the Johnson & Johnson vaccines caused by adverse reactions, but these are very rare.

    5. Bob Ingalls
      Bob Ingalls
      9 orë më parë

      @Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou? oh yes it does, this is not a vaccine, btw. This mRNA injection goes into ribosomes of your cells and reprograms those cells to produce the key spike protein which is the covid itself. You will become a walking covid manufacturing site. This will attack your immune system, your brain, your cardiac process and possibly your lungs sometime in the future. This is a bioweapon which was created through Gain of function work funded at the Wuhan lab thanks to Obama and Fauci. It has five different viruses worked into it along with AIDS proteins.

  12. e mills
    e mills
    Ditë më parë

    I have an immune system. Works great.

    1. Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      9 orë më parë

      Meanwhile pathogenic organisms have evolved = to defeat this so-called "natural immune system" - hence why they are considered to be pathogenic in the first place. Simple things for simple minds I guess. Enjoy your superficiality of thought..............we'll stick to actual science if you don't mind. lol!

    2. Andrew De Leon
      Andrew De Leon
      Ditë më parë

      Not good enough against Covid dude. It's no joke.

  13. t0n0k0
    t0n0k0
    Ditë më parë

    All those sound like good reasons and they are but not wholly for 50 years. If I hadn't heard about Biochemist Katalin Karikó's story, I would believe all this as good reasons for taking 50 years. There is talk for a Nobel. We could've had mRNA vaccines and medications since early 2000s with funding, instead of ridicule and dismissal.

  14. CalmMello
    CalmMello
    Ditë më parë

    Thanks for the video! Do you have any concerns or could you explain the potential for mRNA to illicit autoimmunity long term?

  15. Geo Dimagnio
    Geo Dimagnio
    2 ditë më parë

    Vaccine or gene therapy?

    1. Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      9 orë më parë

      Vaccine

    2. Andrew De Leon
      Andrew De Leon
      Ditë më parë

      Vaccine

  16. Zosu
    Zosu
    2 ditë më parë

    God all these anti-vaxx, pro disease comments and replies are so infuriating. So many contradictions, simplifications, false equivalents, and blatant misunderstandings that make my head roll. And to think that this idiocy was largely kickstarted by some guy trying to sell his bs alternative medicine. I understand that a lot of anti vaxxers are genuinely trying to do what they think is best, but they’re really just hurting humanity.

    1. Andrew De Leon
      Andrew De Leon
      Ditë më parë

      I know what you mean. It's crazy how anti vaxxers will refuse something that can save their lives.

    2. Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      2 ditë më parë

      Don't worry I'm here for that.

  17. Patricia Reilly
    Patricia Reilly
    2 ditë më parë

    This was fascinating, but I can't help thinking that after fifty years of trying, including ten years of human trials, they still hadn't come up with a vaccine that could get an FDA approval. So they went with what they had, and the FDA gave an emergency use approval because, well, it was a big deal emergency and everyone was yelling DO SOMETHING!

    1. Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      2 ditë më parë

      Maybe you should look into what FDA approval entails instead of jumping to conclusions.

  18. Vindignatio
    Vindignatio
    2 ditë më parë

    RNA actually can fold into really complicated structures, that can do stuff like proteins

  19. Jerry Wilson
    Jerry Wilson
    2 ditë më parë

    They can't even find a cure for the common cold let alone a newbie like Covid 19.

    1. Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      2 ditë më parë

      There are so many serotypes of the common cold (Rhinovirus) that it is almost impossible to build immunity which what results in Rhinovirus-induced colds being so "common". It is spread through respiratory droplets and Fomites which can survive on objects such as doorknobs and tooth brush handles for hours. Rhinoviruses causes clinical illness in only half of the people infected while asymptomatic people can spread the virus. Infants and children have the highest rates of Rhinovirus infections and though they can spread these infections to their family members pretty easily and especially in schools (Faster in colder months). Rhinoviruses aren't a solid candidate vaccinations due to the incredible amounts of serotypes. And Coronaviruses are not new, they've been around for a long time.

  20. Edwin van den Akker
    Edwin van den Akker
    2 ditë më parë

    I'm gonna have my first mRNA dose in a few hours. Can't wait!

  21. Jenny Smith
    Jenny Smith
    2 ditë më parë

    It's still experimental- testing on the public right now ,until 2023 !

  22. Margaret
    Margaret
    2 ditë më parë

    Misleading tittle. "50 years" my foot. mRNA vaccines have been studied starting with 1995; the challenge is that mRNA is very unstable - it has a life span of few minutes .

    1. Andrew De Leon
      Andrew De Leon
      Ditë më parë

      Did you even watch the video?

  23. sayaka005
    sayaka005
    3 ditë më parë

    The “hierarchy” inundates us with propaganda and mis-information, trying to separate us from our power, our ability to reason and our own sovereign rights as humans. Watch this video and then YOU decide what is the truth! This event is a powerful conversation. Mystery guest to disclose some disturbing and alarming information that the world must hear! advmed.samcart.com/referral/GSnAkPLy/cbQjeDFPGoCrvBUy

  24. zeanamush
    zeanamush
    3 ditë më parë

    So aids in next?

  25. A K
    A K
    4 ditë më parë

    Thanks to the scientific community!

    1. Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      4 ditë më parë

      Anti-vaxxers want to know your location.

  26. Anneli Hamp
    Anneli Hamp
    4 ditë më parë

    They who are afraid only speak and speak forget to think use only their Brain for running from themselves and in the End all there LOVE LIFE SYSTEM get lost .

  27. Anneli Hamp
    Anneli Hamp
    4 ditë më parë

    How come that people forgotten they have their own immunsystem? When even cheaps understands their own immunsystem without any words at all :-) :-) :-)

    1. I Arrived
      I Arrived
      2 ditë më parë

      @Anneli Hamp how come most people in the world have taken all of the vaccines and barely any of them dies..

    2. Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      2 ditë më parë

      @Anneli Hamp Wow, your "NOLEGE" healed you in ever step of your life. Being pregnant is not a type of contagion and not dangerous to others but to you sometimes. Not getting vaccinated could spread deadly diseases. But hey, I get it. “YOUR BODY, YOUR CHOICE.” Just don’t be HYPOCRITES.

    3. Anneli Hamp
      Anneli Hamp
      2 ditë më parë

      @I Arrived Big luck with your Anti Life . Sorry for your uncorrect thoughts aboute Life .

    4. Anneli Hamp
      Anneli Hamp
      2 ditë më parë

      @Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou? I always prefer to stay in my own mind and trust myself and my nolege have healed me in every step of my LIFE and my body isnt owned by somebody else im not born in a scientists brain . Therefor i say GOODBYE to anti Life AI . :-) lol

    5. I Arrived
      I Arrived
      3 ditë më parë

      How come 1/10 people died from smallpox before the smallpox vaccine was available?

  28. Nuclear Cat Baby
    Nuclear Cat Baby
    4 ditë më parë

    If mRNA vaccines have 50 years of experience behind them then that means inactivated virus vaccines have over 100. I’ll take the latter.

  29. Rings of Jupiter
    Rings of Jupiter
    4 ditë më parë

    Didn't have time to watch even a second of the vid, but the message seems to be that this is a man-made pandemic that has been planned for 50 years by the shadow government. Thanks, I'll tell my friends!

  30. mrsamandabernier
    mrsamandabernier
    4 ditë më parë

    This is so bleeping cool. Wow.

    1. I Arrived
      I Arrived
      3 ditë më parë

      @Rings of Jupiter over 500 million people have taken the vaccine, tell me why there hasn’t been a huge spike in worldwide deaths?

    2. Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      4 ditë më parë

      @Rings of Jupiter And your point is?

    3. Rings of Jupiter
      Rings of Jupiter
      4 ditë më parë

      Bro, imagine dying. How cool would that be? Pretty cool, from what I hear

  31. Daniel1979
    Daniel1979
    4 ditë më parë

    Over 4k covid vaccine deaths according to the US govt data on VAERS, this new technology early on has killed more people than all other vaccines combined over a period of 20 years, (govt data no conspiracy theory). Studies show that VAERS numbers represent only 1% to 10% of actual deaths and injuries. Clearly far more dangerous than any other vaccine we have ever seen. www.medalerts.org/vaersdb/findfield.php?TABLE=ON&GROUP1=AGE&EVENTS=ON&VAX=COVID19&DIED=Yes

    1. Daniel1979
      Daniel1979
      2 orë më parë

      @Andrew De LeonNo deaths caused by vaccines???? There are 4K VAERS deaths that is a ridiculous number - all deaths were concentrated on the first day and then fell exponentially, exactly what you would expect if the vaccine and nothing else was causing the deaths, see the video below and proves that is the case and shows how to get the data from VAERS to do that analysis. odysee.com/@TimTruth:b/Deathsinvaers-1:8?fbclid=IwAR3AHbjSpNVSSUBa7Iw0REtMfjtfpSUgTkIg_iA5JqsbFBJIOzyGTN5UXvU

    2. Andrew De Leon
      Andrew De Leon
      6 orë më parë

      @Daniel1979 Maybe it's because they're are NO DEATHS CAUSED BY VACCINES.

    3. Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      9 orë më parë

      @Daniel1979 Right, that's why the hundreds of millions of people who have taken it have all died immediately. Oh wait...

    4. Daniel1979
      Daniel1979
      9 orë më parë

      @Andrew De Leon No it would not be making headlines because the media is 100% pro vaccine no matter what - no better proof of that than the fact that they never ever disclose/investigate the total number of deaths caused or related to the vaccines.

    5. Andrew De Leon
      Andrew De Leon
      23 orë më parë

      @Daniel1979 If this was true then it would making headlines but it isn't so it's probably not accurate. It's safe dude. No one that I know of has had a bad reaction to the vaccine.

  32. Kathleen Norton
    Kathleen Norton
    4 ditë më parë

    If. It's a big word. "If" they prove safe. They were always deadly, so they couldn't be marketed. They caused cytokine storms. Tested people's immunity systems went into overdrive, and often killed them. They supposedly "magically" became safe, just in time for the pandemic, after many years of failure. They're not safe, though. Expect that when the common coronavirus colds starts up, for many of those who catch them, who've had the vaccines, to have their immunity systems go into hyperdrive, or to produce cytokine storms, killing blood cells, thereby producing many clots, and attacking organs, killing them. Expect "experts" to tell the folks that all the deaths, which will actually be caused by the vaccines taken earlier, are from new strains of covid. For survivors, expect them to insist on even more deadly vaccinations.

  33. L W
    L W
    5 ditë më parë

    50 years of research and can’t get over the safety and efficacy issues, then along comes a virus. Only approved for emergency use. In my opinion the safety and efficacy issues are still there.

  34. JeffersonLocke
    JeffersonLocke
    5 ditë më parë

    This was very helpful! Thank you!

  35. Gaël Hervé hiking&birding
    Gaël Hervé hiking&birding
    5 ditë më parë

    Got my second dose of the Pfizer vaccine 3 days ago. The day after I felt mike sleeping the while time. But no regrets at all.

    1. Nuclear Cat Baby
      Nuclear Cat Baby
      2 ditë më parë

      @Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou? Yes reading things like this is what I do 24-7 as a hobby.

    2. Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      2 ditë më parë

      @Nuclear Cat Baby But first let me read the whole thing.

    3. Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      2 ditë më parë

      @Nuclear Cat Baby Did you even read the whole damn thing?

    4. Nuclear Cat Baby
      Nuclear Cat Baby
      2 ditë më parë

      @Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou? Here’s some actual science: cen.acs.org/pharmaceuticals/drug-delivery/Without-lipid-shells-mRNA-vaccines/99/i8

    5. Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      2 ditë më parë

      @Nuclear Cat Baby I got both doses of Pfizer vaccines a long time ago and nothing happened to me. I'll stick to actual science if you don't mind.

  36. storbertas
    storbertas
    5 ditë më parë

    Apollo analogy will definitely resonate with the skeptics

  37. Robert Vazquez
    Robert Vazquez
    6 ditë më parë

    Vitamin C is all you need

    1. Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      7 orë më parë

      @Robert Vazquez All these things that will attract vitamin-obsessed users or whatever with no understanding of immunology. VITAMINS DO NOT DESTROY VIRUSES.....PERIOD.

    2. Robert Vazquez
      Robert Vazquez
      8 orë më parë

      @Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou? Whatever dude the pandemic is over you keep wearing your mask and I’ll keep taking vitamin C. You can probably get more booster vaccine shots later on this year if that makes you feel better about yourself.

    3. Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      9 orë më parë

      @Robert Vazquez Damn you like cashing into alt-health craze with your "Home Remedies" for COVID. I don't know your motive with this misinformation.

    4. Robert Vazquez
      Robert Vazquez
      Ditë më parë

      @Andrew De Leon No because Vitamic C is all I need and it doesn’t work for you so that’s all you buddy

    5. Andrew De Leon
      Andrew De Leon
      Ditë më parë

      @Robert Vazquez no that would be you

  38. ELIAKIM Joseph Sophia
    ELIAKIM Joseph Sophia
    6 ditë më parë

    Has the former VP of Pfizer, Dr Mike Yeadon said, "its genocide". There are 1,000 lawyers, 10,000 medics bringing class action lawsuits against the CDC, WHO, and World Leaders for "Crimes Against Humanity" and for "violating the Nuremberg Codes". Nanotechnology mRNA is not a vaccine.

  39. Kitchen Platform
    Kitchen Platform
    7 ditë më parë

    Correction: FDA approved these vaccines for emergency use, These are not FDA approved, there is a difference.

    1. Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      3 ditë më parë

      ​@Kitchen Platform You're arguing with facts by saying "nuh uh". It's pathetic. Stop humiliating yourself on the internet with your pseudo-woke ignorance. 😂😂🙄

    2. Kitchen Platform
      Kitchen Platform
      3 ditë më parë

      @Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou? Not FDA Approved lol

    3. Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      3 ditë më parë

      @Kitchen Platform "FDA approval is stage 5/Last stage before the release". So you have the time to argue but not have the time to read my reply. 🤦‍♂️ Right now your arrogance is not matching your confidence and stop acting like you know policy better than the people who work in the industry. Now get lost, there's no money for you here. VARIETY OF FIELDS OF STUDIES AND COOKING C |

    4. Kitchen Platform
      Kitchen Platform
      3 ditë më parë

      @Andrew De Leon Same, what is the problem when I say the truth it is not FDA approved?

    5. Andrew De Leon
      Andrew De Leon
      3 ditë më parë

      @Kitchen Platform You're just being ignorant LOL!🤣 The vaccine is safe so what's the problem?

  40. SLICK TRICK
    SLICK TRICK
    7 ditë më parë

    “The path of the Righteous man is beset on all sides by the inequities of the Selfish & the tyranny of Evil men. BLESSED is he who, in the name of charity & good will, shepherds the weak through the valley of Darkness, for he is Truly his brother’s keeper & the finder of lost Children. And I will STRIKE DOWN upon thee with GREAT VENGEANCE & FURIOUS ANGER those WHO attempt to poison & destroy my brothers. And you will know My name is the Lord, when I lay my vengeance upon thee.” - Laurence Fishburne, “Pulp Fiction”

  41. Al Knight
    Al Knight
    7 ditë më parë

    Quite a positive change in clarity. My gratitude SciShow, yet again!

  42. paragoncb
    paragoncb
    7 ditë më parë

    How does one 'know' the sequence of RNA or DNA if you haven't first isolated and purified the virus?. Wow what a claim "All you need is a digital file with it's genetic sequence", Obtained from where and how?

  43. Robert Dress
    Robert Dress
    7 ditë më parë

    Let's take a look at common sense for a moment. I'll take a vaccine if I know I can su if I'm injured. www.congress.gov/bill/99th-congress/house-bill/5546 I'll take a vaccine if I know the companies behind them aren't criminals or simply a GMO lab that has never produced a single approved drug. www.enjuris.com/blog/resources/largest-pharmaceutical-settlements-lawsuits/ I'll take a vaccine if it's been proven to be safe and effective. I'll take a vaccine if the side effects are less dangerous than the disease I'm taking it for. I'll take a vaccine if no longer have to wear a mask. I'll take a vaccine if I can't get the disease I'm taking it for. I'll take a vaccine if can't spread the disease I'm taking it for. Where is the scientific evidence that demonstrates Covid-19 has been purified and is a new and infectious disease? ugetube.com/watch/pcr-pandemic-interview-with-virus-mania-039-s-dr-claus-k%C3%B6hnlein_Vbpb8uvC4cDsI3V.html science.umd.edu/classroom/bsci424/BSCI223WebSiteFiles/KochsPostulates.htm In fact there is a 1.5 Billion euro reward in Germany today if anyone can simply prove the Covid-19 is a new and infectious disease. www.samueleckert.net/isolat-truth-fund/ Where is the evidence that proves these experimental vaccines are safe and effective? brandnewtube.com/watch/human-rights-attorney-gives-3-min-of-vax-covid-jaw-dropping-truth_SIoTFLCDYJgdTC9.html www.bitchute.com/video/a9l09kWJTijr/ Why are we trusting proven criminals from the CDC, Johnson & Johnson to Pfizer? www.enjuris.com/blog/resources/largest-pharmaceutical-settlements-lawsuits/ www.amazon.com/Master-Manipulator-Explosive-Embezzlement-Government/dp/151070843X?asin=B01EEQ9BSM&revisionId=f02b64b8&format=1&depth=1 Why are we still using PCR to diagnose infectious disease when the inventor him self Kary Mullis MD Nobel Prize winner stated it. Published it. Proved it. www.bitchute.com/video/bR5HF0hNzZvI/ Why are we sticking swabs laced with toxic cancer causing 'ETHYLENE OXIDE" (which they say sterilizes) www.gasdetection.com/gas-detection-knowledge-base/interesting-applications/covid-19-swabs-ethylene-oxide-and-warehouses/

  44. Brenda Geneau Jamieson
    Brenda Geneau Jamieson
    7 ditë më parë

    Romans 1:21Yes, they knew God, but they wouldn’t worship him as God or even give him thanks. And they began to think up foolish ideas of what God was like. As a result, their minds became dark and confused. 22Claiming to be wise, they instead became utter fools. 23And instead of worshiping the glorious, ever-living God, they worshiped idols made to look like mere people and birds and animals and reptiles.

  45. Anjel DQP
    Anjel DQP
    7 ditë më parë

    Thanks, Trump, for Operation Warp Speed.

  46. yesi lopez
    yesi lopez
    8 ditë më parë

    Thanks SciShow, I've never trusted my own body. I need indifferent scientists to modify my genetics.

  47. Jean Aller
    Jean Aller
    8 ditë më parë

    They have never been able to get a corona virus "vaccine" approved, because all the animals in the studies became deathly sick or they died!!! 17 years of work and still the "vaccine" is not approved. Never came up with a cure for the common cold.

  48. William James
    William James
    8 ditë më parë

    They are not Vaccines...DEFFINITIONS MATTER!!! They are Genetic therapies!!!

    1. William James
      William James
      2 ditë më parë

      @Andrew De Leon Like throwing pearls before swine. Good luck to you!

    2. Andrew De Leon
      Andrew De Leon
      2 ditë më parë

      @William James A safe vaccine that works and helps your body build up immunity to COVID-19.

    3. Andrew De Leon
      Andrew De Leon
      2 ditë më parë

      @William James what book?

    4. William James
      William James
      2 ditë më parë

      @Andrew De Leon ITS A GENETIC THERAPY, and an EXPERIMENTAL ONE AT THAT!!!

    5. William James
      William James
      2 ditë më parë

      @Andrew De Leon sweetheart I wrote the book. Try reading it!

  49. Ronald Raygun
    Ronald Raygun
    8 ditë më parë

    Has anyone seen I Am Legend? I’m just saying the zombie apocalypse in that movie starts with a gene therapy that cures cancer they give it to everyone and find out later it also turns you into a zombie. Just because scientists can do something doesn’t mean they should it’s called playing God and it is wrong.

    1. Ronald Raygun
      Ronald Raygun
      2 ditë më parë

      @Andrew De Leon these scientists are either fools or purposely trying to kill people

    2. Andrew De Leon
      Andrew De Leon
      2 ditë më parë

      @Ronald Raygun Yeah I don't know why scientists have labs where they store deadly viruses that can spread and kill many people. Especially near cities.

    3. Ronald Raygun
      Ronald Raygun
      2 ditë më parë

      Thanks for clearing that up I was starting to worry. My point is humans shouldn’t play God

    4. Andrew De Leon
      Andrew De Leon
      3 ditë më parë

      That's just a movie. It's not real...

  50. Ronald Raygun
    Ronald Raygun
    8 ditë më parë

    Ivermectin is a miracle cure for covid according to Dr Pierre Kory if that would be approved for treatment all the covid vaccines lose emergency use authorization and the vaccine makers have to prove long term safety before general use

  51. Ronald Raygun
    Ronald Raygun
    8 ditë më parë

    You can’t make a coronavirus vaccine the animals in studies died when reintroduced to a coronavirus

    1. Covid_is _a_hoax
      Covid_is _a_hoax
      6 ditë më parë

      Yes. Also, these are not vaccines. Do NOT take it.

  52. Ronald Raygun
    Ronald Raygun
    8 ditë më parë

    Immunization with SARS Coronavirus Vaccines Leads toPulmonary Immunopathology on Challenge with theSARS Virus Chien-Te Tseng 1,2 , Elena Sbrana 1 , Naoko Iwata-Yoshikawa 1,2 , Patrick C. Newman 1 , Tania Garron 1 ,Robert L. Atmar 3,4 , Clarence J. Peters 1,2 , Robert B. Couch 3,4 * 1 Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, United States of America, 2 Center for Biodefense andEmerging Disease, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, United States of America, 3 Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston,Texas, United States of America, 4 Department of Molecular Virology and Microbiology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, United States of America

    1. Ronald Raygun
      Ronald Raygun
      8 ditë më parë

      abstract Background: Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) emerged in China in 2002 and spread to other countries beforebrought under control. Because of a concern for reemergence or a deliberate release of the SARS coronavirus, vaccinedevelopment was initiated. Evaluations of an inactivated whole virus vaccine in ferrets and nonhuman primates and a virus-like-particle vaccine in mice induced protection against infection but challenged animals exhibited an immunopathologic-type lung disease. Design: Four candidate vaccines for humans with or without alum adjuvant were evaluated in a mouse model of SARS, aVLP vaccine, the vaccine given to ferrets and NHP, another whole virus vaccine and an rDNA-produced S protein. Balb/c orC57BL/6 mice were vaccinated IM on day 0 and 28 and sacrificed for serum antibody measurements or challenged with livevirus on day 56. On day 58, challenged mice were sacrificed and lungs obtained for virus and histopathology. Results: All vaccines induced serum neutralizing antibody with increasing dosages and/or alum significantly increasingresponses. Significant reductions of SARS-CoV two days after challenge was seen for all vaccines and prior live SARS-CoV. Allmice exhibited histopathologic changes in lungs two days after challenge including all animals vaccinated (Balb/C andC57BL/6) or given live virus, influenza vaccine, or PBS suggesting infection occurred in all. Histopathology seen in animalsgiven one of the SARS-CoV vaccines was uniformly a Th2-type immunopathology with prominent eosinophil infiltration,confirmed with special eosinophil stains. The pathologic changes seen in all control groups lacked the eosinophilprominence. Conclusions: These SARS-CoV vaccines all induced antibody and protection against infection with SARS-CoV. However,challenge of mice given any of the vaccines led to occurrence of Th2-type immunopathology suggesting hypersensitivity toSARS-CoV components was induced. Caution in proceeding to application of a SARS-CoV vaccine in humans is indicated

  53. Ryan Newell
    Ryan Newell
    8 ditë më parë

    Worship of science will be your death knell when nature bites back.....

    1. Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      Wasteyourtime readingthiswillyou?
      3 ditë më parë

      Wow, science illiteracy is real, I guess its true, science advanced our lifespan with technology and medicine to the point where we start to deny that's what got us here. 🤦‍♂️🙄

    2. 「 Phil 」
      「 Phil 」
      3 ditë më parë

      Science is what we use to learn about nature. :/ dumba$$

  54. o0Avalon0o
    o0Avalon0o
    8 ditë më parë

    Thanks Moderna! I just finished my second vaccine dose; I was expecting side effects so I took the day off. I was fine & ended up completing all my yard work. One Aleve took care of my arm & I had no other side effects.

    1. Andrew De Leon
      Andrew De Leon
      3 ditë më parë

      @- I know what you mean. It's really annoying when I see people spreading fear and misinformation. I got my first dose of the Pfizer Vaccine and I'm fine. No bad side effects either.

    2. -
      -
      7 ditë më parë

      Good to hear friend! Glad you are ok. I was so annoyed with all these idiots who report critical health issues "from the vaccine" and the 3000+ deaths on the disinfo "VARES" system, they are really holding back science. Even if they have problem they should really shut up about it, they will make others not want it. Makes me really upset.

  55. Ronaldo Rivers
    Ronaldo Rivers
    8 ditë më parë

    I watched this video along others as part of the research I'm doing before taking the covid vaccine, this helped clear a lot of doubts I had.

  56. Sadie F
    Sadie F
    9 ditë më parë

    We’re supposed to be willing to take a vaccine developed with a code posted online?

    1. Andrew De Leon
      Andrew De Leon
      3 ditë më parë

      Yes

  57. ashzole
    ashzole
    9 ditë më parë

    50 years of corona virus research and drug companies said hey let’s put a lot of time and trillions of research dollars for a vaccine that at year 1 did not kill a single person, but let’s make a vaccine just in case our investors will totally understand. lololol 11:14 they both look exactly a like , sars is just magnified to make it look different, maybe magnified is wrong word, zoomed in on with photoshop . how come the mers doesn’t have a scale but sars does, hmmmmmmmmmmm

  58. jakenator13
    jakenator13
    9 ditë më parë

    My brother was scared toget the vaccine because he thought it was "rushed" I sent him this video, thanks for changing his mind and possibly saving his life

  59. Mark Burt
    Mark Burt
    9 ditë më parë

    GENOCIDE

    1. Andrew De Leon
      Andrew De Leon
      Ditë më parë

      You're crazy!

  60. Radu Murariu
    Radu Murariu
    9 ditë më parë

    Good video! Now make the one explaining how the long-term testing on humans just begun and we'll get the results in the next 5-10 years.

    1. Covid_is _a_hoax
      Covid_is _a_hoax
      6 ditë më parë

      Do not take part in the test. 6000 people have been murdered already.

  61. Bob the Builder
    Bob the Builder
    10 ditë më parë

    Quick is right and just in time coincidentally for corona version 19. How fortunate?! Or not.......

  62. Isca S
    Isca S
    10 ditë më parë

    I have a question, since the drug companies are hanging onto the formula's for the vaccines. Since they were subsidized when the research was being done. Why do they totally own the formulas? Shouldn't the taxpayers have some sort of say in the profits? Plus...here is a radical thought, why didn't the gov. just hire the labs to do the research thereby having the formulas owned by the gov. Who then disperse it properly and not by greedy corporations who don't care about the people, only about profits.

  63. Syblbyb
    Syblbyb
    10 ditë më parë

    This is a revolution! No more 10 years long term clinical studies needed. No more waiting until something is approved as safe. I love science!!!

  64. Cody Banks
    Cody Banks
    10 ditë më parë

    Coronavirus - live map tracker from Microsoft Bing bing.com/covid/local/unitedstates World population - Wikipedia en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_population Percentage Calculator (csgnetwork.com) www.csgnetwork.com/csgpercent.html As of 5-5-2021 which is 15 months into the COVID-19 Pandemic 3.2 Million People World Wide have been reported as having died fromCOVID-19. Yes all deaths are tragic and of concern. Our Heart Felt condolences go out to their families. Let’s do some MATH based on the Information Presented from the two sites above and you use the calculator site if you like. It is reported that there are 7.8 Billion People on Earth. 10% of 7.8 Billion = 780 Million. 10% of 780 Million (Which is the same as 1% of 7.8 Billion) = 78 Million People. 10% of 78 Million (Which is the same as 1/10th of 1% of 7.8 Billion) = 7.8 Million People. 3.2 Million People have died in the last 15 Months World Wide from COVID-19. That is less than HALF of 1/10% of 1% of the World Population. 0.041026% of the World Population to be exact. How can 0.041026% of the World Population having died in MORE than a YEAR from something be considered an EMERGENCY and a Pandemic??? Keep in mind that this is number is the Actual DEATHS, this does not show how many people SURVIVE Infection. The Bing COVID Map shows Survivors. So, do your own Research and make your OWN decision on the Actual Health Risks and Threat of Death from COVID-19. The Entire World and YOUR WAY OF LIFE is being FOREVER Altered over something that THEY are showing is only a danger to 0.0410256% of the People on Earth. The Mainstream Media and Most Social Sites are propagating FEAR and FALSEHOODS as Facts.

  65. Ryan
    Ryan
    10 ditë më parë

    Lol yeah right, that's quite a stretch

  66. Lou Kraft
    Lou Kraft
    11 ditë më parë

    There is another side to this coin....www.bitchute.com/video/MVPKz3EYCPQy/

  67. maggie and jim
    maggie and jim
    11 ditë më parë

    THIS IS A STORY IS RIGHT..............

  68. maggie and jim
    maggie and jim
    11 ditë më parë

    THIS IS JUST ANOTHER PROPOGANDA FILM FROM THE GREAT RESET..........PROCEED WITH CAUTION

  69. Jarod Armstrong
    Jarod Armstrong
    11 ditë më parë

    But I read on Facebook that it’s Bill Gates trying to sterilize us 😱

    1. 「 Phil 」
      「 Phil 」
      3 ditë më parë

      I hope this is satire

  70. Lucien Bouchard
    Lucien Bouchard
    11 ditë më parë

    Make a virus in a Chinese lab. Release virus, make money off oh so luckily timed so called vacines. I wonder why so many microbiogists like my friend who was on the bord of directors for a major pharmaceutical REFUSES to take mRNA vacines. We also dont know what else the so called only mRNA vacines do, Its gene therapy and definitely plays with your DNA. Oh and now governments force us to give up our gene code to their modification Right up the Chinese Communist Parties alley. Keep buying the lies you are being fed, Global tyrany is here.

  71. Johnny Wadd
    Johnny Wadd
    11 ditë më parë

    "The future will be about finding a way to reduce the population...Of course we will not be able to execute people or build camps. We get rid of them by making them believe it is for their own good...We will find or cause something, a pandemic targeting certain people, a real economic crisis or not, a virus affecting the old or the elderly, it doesn't matter, the weak and the fearful will succumb to it. The stupid will believe in it and ask to be treated. We will have taken care of having panned the treatment, a treatment that will be the solution. The selection of idiots will therefore be done by itself: they will go straight to the slaughterhouse alone." Excerpt from a 1981 book called Verbatim by Bilderberg member Jacques Attalli

  72. Reginald Finley
    Reginald Finley
    11 ditë më parë

    Beautifully done gang. And this is just the beginning.

    1. Bob Ingalls
      Bob Ingalls
      Ditë më parë

      yeah, the beginning of destruction. You people are so funny, you think the elite technocrats and their bought off scientists actually care about humans. This is about depopulation.

  73. SuperOmnicron
    SuperOmnicron
    11 ditë më parë

    They could've added a few more to iron out the "side effects". it takes time for a reason R.I.P to the lives lost in this human trial.

  74. Arafat Hossain
    Arafat Hossain
    12 ditë më parë

    And since the mRNA vaccines are not working... it will never be working... you are welcome

  75. Vanezs Wilmer
    Vanezs Wilmer
    12 ditë më parë

    Hmm and the FDA hasn't approved them?? And no long term trials done?? Have big doubts as I and my brothers has vaccines and still got chicken pox, mumps, and mussels. Years after being vaccines. Also my kids had vaccines for chicken pox and they got chicken pox also. So whats the deal?? What's wrong with letting our own immune systems doing the job they do?? We have antiviral drugs for a back up.

    1. Vanezs Wilmer
      Vanezs Wilmer
      10 ditë më parë

      @RR_Gaming where is the data on your comment ?? People immune systems have worked and do work as they have been created to work. Your statement is false until you bring any real evidence to what your comment says. Your fear mongering!! Oh your name "Gaming says it all"

    2. RR_Gaming
      RR_Gaming
      10 ditë më parë

      Over 500000 people in America let their immune system do the job they do. Those people are not alive today

  76. A Alvarez
    A Alvarez
    12 ditë më parë

    This is just sad propaganda to get people to take an experimental cellular therapy that was barely patented in 2018, by CureVac which was paid by the Gates Foundation to develop and patent the final mRNA vaccine process, just a year before COViD hit. It was basically nowhere in the regulatory process, and rushed through due to the pandemic at the behest of Gates himself. Sure, they’ve experimented on people in poor countries leading up to it, but this process here with the toxic nano-lipid particles and reprogramming live human cells like this is not tested long-term in humans at all. That testing is going on right now.

  77. lenny Blunden
    lenny Blunden
    12 ditë më parë

    To bad your bodies can't turn it off. Causing auto immune responses n constance inflammation in your body. Check out vaccinefromhell.com

  78. SeeJay
    SeeJay
    12 ditë më parë

    Why is it just in time for Covid? I’m not a conspiracy theorist but it sure is peculiar to have that technology just in time for Covid. Almost like it needed to happen in order to test mRNA. Just saying

  79. uluwatu77
    uluwatu77
    12 ditë më parë

    What about long term effects on humans?

  80. Sean Ferguson
    Sean Ferguson
    12 ditë më parë

    You sure pack a lot of info into 12 ½ minutes. I’ve been the self-appointed mRNA apologist to my vaccine-hesitant friends - those who are willing to discuss it. There is much in your vid to process. Thanks!

  81. Louisa Smith
    Louisa Smith
    12 ditë më parë

    Why weren’t mRNA vaccines made earlier, if the claim is made that “we” “sped up” vaccine creation to fight SARS-cov-2 (Covid 2019)? Why not for Ebola and other super dangerous viruses that would be worse if they got into heavily populated areas, which Ebola has very nearly done (just takes a few people traveling to a city when ill; Ebola makes its victims SO sick they have trouble moving (etc), but family can move them (if at great risk). Ebola is in research labs near US cities (or was on the 1990s in Maryland, USA labs run by US gov). So why theselay???

    1. Louisa Smith
      Louisa Smith
      12 ditë më parë

      I mean “why the delay! (?)” (at end). Sorry for typo(s).

  82. Bryan Cowger
    Bryan Cowger
    12 ditë më parë

    I hope this guy took extra jabs.

  83. Tree Beard
    Tree Beard
    12 ditë më parë

    Very interesting, so they can just generate mRNA vaccines very easily now.....got a feeling there's gonna be a new strain of covid every year now and we're gonna need a new shot once a year.

  84. Ruth Knowels
    Ruth Knowels
    12 ditë më parë

    Well it certainly is effective. But not at all safe. That's what happens when they play God. Rock on, Great Reset!

  85. DR.NEGA
    DR.NEGA
    12 ditë më parë

    also people who skip it...they end up in er and die sudden ..human bodies are no match with india pathgen ..is more strong than Brazil one...it infected in 400k in one day vs brazil variant 45k per day

  86. DR.NEGA
    DR.NEGA
    12 ditë më parë

    BATS ARE VERY LUCKY SPECIES...THEY HAVE BUILT IN mRNA scanner and cleaver ..it cuts any free floating rna does not match with modified rna that was from bat dna cell...yes bats are very immune of anything yet contagious to anything cause it sheds the virus outside

  87. Eric Ewald
    Eric Ewald
    13 ditë më parë

    THE VACCINE WILL KILL YOU OVER TIME!!! DONT TAKE THE VACCINE!!!

    1. Andrew De Leon
      Andrew De Leon
      Ditë më parë

      No it won't. Covid-19 will kill you over time without gettting the vaccine.

  88. Shelia Marlow
    Shelia Marlow
    13 ditë më parë

    This is Moderna’s first vaccine released to the public for EUA only. They have been working on getting mRNA vaccines approved by the FDA for approximately 10 years and they had always been denied; until now.

  89. Danny Boy
    Danny Boy
    13 ditë më parë

    Why would you need a vaccine for a pathogen that has not been identified ? Or for a virus that only kills those that are over 80 with multiple deadly diseases 🙄

    1. Wander the Nomad
      Wander the Nomad
      12 ditë më parë

      Are you saying that the virus hasn't killed anyone under 80? Also, we've been looking at sars-cov-2 for at least a year now. How long do we need to look at a virus until we can considered it "identified"?

  90. CN Mathias
    CN Mathias
    13 ditë më parë

    1:35 those look, "phallic" in nature.

  91. Sharky Moon
    Sharky Moon
    13 ditë më parë

    They haven’t been approved so the title is misleading

  92. Annie Farrell
    Annie Farrell
    13 ditë më parë

    So basically Covid is a bunch of 1's and 0's in a lab somewhere?

  93. JJ B
    JJ B
    14 ditë më parë

    Liar, liar, pants on f**king fire...

  94. Christopher G
    Christopher G
    14 ditë më parë

    "I have a 70k Dollar sliver of radioactive rock to deal with the one from metropolis. All I would need of you is 1 penny for a book of matches." - Batman to Martian Manhunter, New Frontiers Movie. Somehow I can picture scientists saying to viruses: "It took us centuries and the cowpox to get a vaccine agaisnt smallpox. All we need for your is your DNA file and a Protein printer."

  95. Hi Hello hey
    Hi Hello hey
    14 ditë më parë

    Would be cool if you actually used sources

    1. Wander the Nomad
      Wander the Nomad
      12 ditë më parë

      You mean like the ones listed in the description of the video?

  96. Because it's current year
    Because it's current year
    14 ditë më parë

    im much more worried about it knowing how it works.

    1. Because it's current year
      Because it's current year
      11 ditë më parë

      @Reginald Finley because thats how a virus works and they can ignore the immune response. and receptors are not needed.

    2. Reginald Finley
      Reginald Finley
      11 ditë më parë

      Why? Are you sure you "know" how it works?

  97. Andrei Fasola
    Andrei Fasola
    14 ditë më parë

    Short answer: they haven't. They can't and won't guarantee immunity and no transmission.

  98. Robert Fredrick
    Robert Fredrick
    14 ditë më parë

    Sounds experimental to me I will pass on the experiment and take my 99.97 chance of survival don't forget the ferit trial wild virus killed the lot

  99. William McDonough
    William McDonough
    15 ditë më parë

    Okay, so no one gonna comment on the "Wanted" poster @1:30?? Okay. Deez n..... LMFAO! Ahem.... and yes, Go Science! The rest of the video = awesome. But @1:30! Lolol! "Wanted?" I bet!

  100. Environmental Coffeehouse
    Environmental Coffeehouse
    15 ditë më parë

    Exactly what I have tried to explain to vax hesitant people. You did WAY better🌻 I will be sending this to those who don't understand. TY!!!