5 Ways Biology Is Transforming Buildings

2 323 Shikime 239 mijë

This video was created in partnership with Bill Gates, inspired by his new book “How to Avoid a Climate Disaster.” Find out more here: gatesnot.es/3qLlFgq
Throughout history humans have come up with lots of different ways to build shelters for themselves. But sometimes, inspiration for better construction materials comes from nature, in structures you might not expect - like the scales on a fish or the sweat glands in our own skin!
Hosted by: Hank Green
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Sources:
www.archdaily.com/954004/what-is-biomimetic-architecture
www.buildings.com/articles/34692/basics-passive-fire-protection
www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0950061819317945
www.energy.gov/energysaver/energy-efficient-window-attachments
www.technoarete.org/common_abstract/pdf/IJERMCE/v5/i7/Ext_08743.pdf
uncw.edu/csurf/explorations/documents/scottbarber.pdf
www.nrel.gov/docs/legosti/fy98/22834.pdf
www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0378778815300827
www.researchgate.net/publication/336315303_Polar_bears_Can_their_fur_help_us_increase_the_efficiency_of_solar_panels
asknature.org/strategy/fur-absorbs-infrared-radiation-to-prevent-heat-loss/
www.archpaper.com/2019/05/fabric-textiles-facadesplus/
asknature.org/strategy/fur-absorbs-infrared-radiation-to-prevent-heat-loss/
www.researchgate.net/publication/292782699_Emergent_Futures_Nanotechology_and_Emergent_Materials_in_Architecture
asknature.org/idea/homeostatic-facade-system/
technologyinarchitecture.com/homeostatic-facade/
www.3dprintingmedia.network/3d-printed-cement-earthquake-resistant/
science.sciencemag.org/content/sci/336/6086/1275.full.pdf
news.ucr.edu/articles/2018/06/25/why-mantis-shrimp-dont-crack-under-pressure
www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1359836819339964
www.sciencealert.com/scientists-discover-how-mantis-shrimp-can-punch-so-hard-without-damaging-their-claw
alfirst.info/load/bJaIo5iwn8-ph58/video
www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1742706118302812
www.nature.com/articles/ncomms4166?origin=ppub
Image Sources:
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Komente

  1. first last
    first last
    17 minuta më parë

    2:19 I wonder if it retains it's anti-fire properties after being exposed to high heat once. "the fibers start to melt, kind like how sweat glands make sweat.." But sweat glands don't melt. There are already existing technologies that capitalism is already holding back. For example, reversible heat pumps ("air conditioners" that can pump heat in instead of out) During moderately cold temps above freezing, heat pumps are much more efficient for warming than resistant heat etc. There is also the option of Geothermal heat pumps for when things are below freezing. One problem is that to have safe effective refrigerant for a heat pump, there are only a few companies to look to that all charge alot making use of their never ending patents to profiteer.

  2. Anooblikeguy Lol
    Anooblikeguy Lol
    Orë më parë

    Absorbed the heat if the sun and it means global warming😂😂😂😂😂 reflect the sun radiation away and global cooling😂😂😂😂

  3. Anooblikeguy Lol
    Anooblikeguy Lol
    2 orë më parë

    Condom will save human kind if not one child policy 👽👽👽👽

  4. pasiden b6
    pasiden b6
    7 orë më parë

    Or more like Hi I'm bill gates I'm funding a organization that wants to block out the sun I also believe myself to be god so worship me

  5. سلیمان
    سلیمان
    16 orë më parë

    Science is cool and all but bill gates is quite a controversial guy to partner with

  6. Shiboline M'Ress
    Shiboline M'Ress
    Ditë më parë

    Isn't there a material used in airplane bodies today that also "self heals" by automatically filling in cracks and stopping them from spreading and connecting?

  7. ThatOneWitch
    ThatOneWitch
    Ditë më parë

    I love how bill gates wrote a book about that when he does stuff like import tons of sand from the Caribbean to his house on a lake

  8. James Holden
    James Holden
    2 ditë më parë

    Am I the only one who's eyes went ape sh*t at 3:01?

  9. Gardengallivant
    Gardengallivant
    2 ditë më parë

    Gone are the days when biologists were looked down on as studying the easy science. With the growth of molecular biology in some 70 years ago we see the shift in medicine follow to treat the body with greater understanding of the physiologic pathways. Decades ago Janine Benyus began teaching engineers the benefits of biomimicry. She described how to go beyond a point where technology had reached a design limitation. Her lectures focused on where to seek the answer in nature, nature that had 3.8 billion years to field test the concepts in evolving ecosystems. She pointed out the kinds of possible questions to ask. How do living organisms adapt to prevent mineral scaling build up in their structure as marine organisms? How does nature adapt to minimize energy? How to make room temperature ceramics without high temperature kilns like abalone shells and diatoms shells? How to adhere to slick surfaces without adhesives likes geckoes or spiders? How to shed dirt with rain drops like lotus plant leaves? How to redesign ecosystems without fatal disruptions by the use of water like beaver dams? www.ted.com/index.php/talks/janine_benyus_shares_nature_s_designs.html www.biomimicryinstitute.org/ www.asknature.org/

  10. Nikolaus
    Nikolaus
    3 ditë më parë

    5:29 "These futuristic buildings are constructed from lightweight material stretched over a frame" ... so essentially they have invented ... a tent. We are truly coming full circle as a species :D

  11. ebbebebeebbeb
    ebbebebeebbeb
    3 ditë më parë

    This makes me want to build a super energy efficient and super sustainable little cottage for myself.

  12. Loturzel Restaurant
    Loturzel Restaurant
    3 ditë më parë

    MINECRAFT!

  13. Cheap Dope
    Cheap Dope
    3 ditë më parë

    I heard we already have enough cement to cover the planet 3 times over

  14. LA Lee Know
    LA Lee Know
    3 ditë më parë

    i hope we can implement these within the next 10 years :(

  15. whesley hynes
    whesley hynes
    3 ditë më parë

    Biology is based on and depends on torturing animals injecting them with disease. Thats crucial to their field. So biology is evil and all biologists are responsible even the ones that dont torture. Theyre still part of an evil field. The whole field isnt animal torture like your whole body isnt a jugular vein but if you cut the jugular vein youre dead. If you cut out animal testing biology is dead. So biology is evil and chemistry, psychology, medicine. Theyre all dr.mengeles and should be puished for their atrocities the same as other mad scientists.

  16. KaosKrusher
    KaosKrusher
    3 ditë më parë

    didn't they also looked at termites for skycraper ventilation?

  17. Jay Wilkins
    Jay Wilkins
    3 ditë më parë

    Using that solar cell with a heat pump instead of using the hot air directly would probably work better.

  18. Frank Cooke
    Frank Cooke
    4 ditë më parë

    Technology hasn't actually progressed at all since the 90s. All anyone's done is put touch screens on everything, and those have been around since like the 70s

  19. drew dominguez
    drew dominguez
    4 ditë më parë

    Schills

  20. Comic relief guy
    Comic relief guy
    4 ditë më parë

    Can’t curtains do the same as the third one?

  21. Peter Gray
    Peter Gray
    4 ditë më parë

    So basically back to yurts and tents

  22. Whiqed Dik
    Whiqed Dik
    4 ditë më parë

    Could you believe that just the other day some dude was saying how foolish I was for saying that humanity manipulates lots of what we have today from nature and the dude said, explain how we got skyscrapers from animals 🤦🏾‍♂️

  23. Matt hew
    Matt hew
    5 ditë më parë

    That glass one was wishful thinking I think..... More like a fisherman's tale than a fish scale. What's the shore hardness of this new product? How does it compare to toughened or heat strengthened glass hey? Lamination usually only changes the breakage pattern of glass. It doesn't change its strength. Cutting lines and notches is a whole diff area and again, would usually reduce its mechanical strength rather than increase it......I'm dubious....

  24. DoubleHelix E
    DoubleHelix E
    5 ditë më parë

    I don't believe the Chinese researchers found a way to make cement sweat, I believe it is another example of stolen research from another nation.

  25. noobpro 97
    noobpro 97
    5 ditë më parë

    But housefires get up to around 800c.

  26. Asfari K
    Asfari K
    5 ditë më parë

    Who's that female in the end tho?

  27. Gilbert Mozell
    Gilbert Mozell
    5 ditë më parë

    The previous piccolo affectively overflow because animal scientifically charge upon a spurious yoke. ashamed, juvenile spark

  28. Whitdog_
    Whitdog_
    5 ditë më parë

    Why don’t scientists genetically engineered cows to have polar bear fur and skin, and then use the leather as a super heat retaining material? This could be used in all sorts of ways, from winter coats, to thermal camouflage.

  29. Monotone Xylophone
    Monotone Xylophone
    6 ditë më parë

    What i've learned: polar bears are invisible to thermal vision

  30. Leo Berg
    Leo Berg
    6 ditë më parë

    Invisible to thermal imagining, completely swole and huge, fast as heck with massive teeth. If the next predator film is set in the Arctic it’s gonna be fifteen minutes long, tops

    1. KaosKrusher
      KaosKrusher
      3 ditë më parë

      it also has the biggest paws of all bears and is the only one who is carnivorous ... simply the best ^ç^

  31. zentrobi
    zentrobi
    7 ditë më parë

    Nope we dont look at better and loonger lasting buildings, because that goes against every companys goal of incresing its proffits.

    1. zentrobi
      zentrobi
      5 ditë më parë

      @Code Name increased profit for the companies constructing the buildings, not the owner of the buildings or did you just think that buildings pop up like in Red Alart? If none to barely any is willing to build with these materials realizing they are putting them selfs out of work, then no we wont see this.

    2. Code Name
      Code Name
      5 ditë më parë

      Losing infrastructure, having to replace said infrastructure and having to pay higher insurance costs and repair for fallible infrastructure increases profits? Nope.

  32. eric vulgate
    eric vulgate
    7 ditë më parë

    they're deleting comments about gates?

  33. Michael james
    Michael james
    7 ditë më parë

    Bill Gates' new book, 'How to avoid paying your fair share of taxes'.

  34. Lois Hawkey
    Lois Hawkey
    7 ditë më parë

    Human beings have always copied nature ....we’ve done nothing on our own ....all humans are mimics and-actors ... at the end of your program you say the opposite Stop teaching our children and the rest of us that we’re just now starting to copy nature to make cool things that’s just so insane And wrong

    1. Code Name
      Code Name
      5 ditë më parë

      Lois, humans have been looking to nature, but the engineers take those insights apply them to human needs, so no we haven’t been doing that forever, I’m not sure why you were so up in arms to dismiss the accomplishments of science and engineering, but maybe you just need a hug.

  35. MrBuzyb77
    MrBuzyb77
    7 ditë më parë

    Too damn wordy show product then explain quickly

  36. mad man
    mad man
    8 ditë më parë

    How does the fish glass break because that's also important

  37. aomimezura11
    aomimezura11
    8 ditë më parë

    Tf with that polar bear one? It's literally a double pane window with black rubber on the inside. Am I crazy or is this literally one of the oldest heat techs ever? How is this new? I'm so confused 😫

  38. Byakko
    Byakko
    8 ditë më parë

    Idiots

  39. Ever Zerbe
    Ever Zerbe
    8 ditë më parë

    Number 4 is awesome

  40. Ever Zerbe
    Ever Zerbe
    8 ditë më parë

    Hmmm maybe use all that plastic

  41. Apex 0
    Apex 0
    8 ditë më parë

    I get your concerned about the environment but you don't need to mention green house gases every 30 seconds

  42. IronBand4
    IronBand4
    9 ditë më parë

    Bill Gates is rich enough his dangerous ideas could actually be tried and hurt A LOT of people.

  43. TheEdudo
    TheEdudo
    9 ditë më parë

    bill gates? i think that guy wants all dead

  44. Hattie Lankford
    Hattie Lankford
    9 ditë më parë

    Next episode: environmental impacts from fire response activities.

  45. sinephase
    sinephase
    10 ditë më parë

    wtf is with Gates sponsoring endorsement of his book? kinda weird

  46. Thomas Gideon
    Thomas Gideon
    10 ditë më parë

    How to avoid climate disaster. Very easy. Don't make sudden large scale changes. Be gradual. Sudden changes lead to disaster. Gradual changes don't.

  47. Gyrre
    Gyrre
    10 ditë më parë

    Isn't one of the main parts in avoiding a climate disaster keeping geoengineering out of the hands of businessmen, politicians, and entrepreneurs?

  48. Philip Braatz
    Philip Braatz
    10 ditë më parë

    Bubble house

  49. Alex Hicks
    Alex Hicks
    10 ditë më parë

    Structural Technician here, how would this fire resistant concrete perform structurally during the fire? If the reinforcing melts the concrete will lose a lot of its strength. We rely on that strength to carry the self weight of the building as well as all of its contents and equipment to the footing. How would this concrete perform that function during the fire and until a crew could enter after the fire to chip away and reinstate that specially reinforced concrete?

  50. Uhh Ok
    Uhh Ok
    10 ditë më parë

    One of the richest men on earth needs your help to prevent climate change! he needs your money! you need to donate to him! give him your money so he can do nothing with it and change nothing

  51. Deesh
    Deesh
    10 ditë më parë

    Why's there so many people hating on Bill Gates recently, he's done nothing wrong lol, snowflakes..

  52. Vick_HushPuppy 215
    Vick_HushPuppy 215
    10 ditë më parë

    No way the mob lets that cement hit the market 💯🤣🤣🤣🤣

  53. Robert Friel
    Robert Friel
    10 ditë më parë

    If Bill Gates ACTUALLY cared about avoiding a climate disaster, he's advocate for ending the system that lets people like him hoard so much incredible wealth and power. But he won't do that. Because he's not a good person. Teaming up with bill gates is not a good look for a channel that claims to care about the environment.

  54. William Hardway
    William Hardway
    10 ditë më parë

    Reality is wild

  55. K R
    K R
    10 ditë më parë

    8:55 this reminds me of the way certain glasses crack, in shear patterns instead of straight lines. This is especially visible in igneous glass like obsidian. It It would make sense that the crystal structure is not perfect, and the imperfections often (asfaik) dictate the path stresses are most involved.

  56. culwin
    culwin
    10 ditë më parë

    What if we make the building out of fire? Then it can't burn and we stay warm

  57. Luna flower
    Luna flower
    11 ditë më parë

    Solar power polar bears yesss

  58. Bryan Richlinski
    Bryan Richlinski
    11 ditë më parë

    Hexagons are the bestagons

  59. TerminalVerbosity
    TerminalVerbosity
    11 ditë më parë

    I have a good method to add to Mr Gates' list of things to help avoid climate disaster... Don't build a palatial mansion for personal use. And then, especially, don't install a heating system under the driveway of said mansion. Followed up directly by not filling it with entirely frivolous, automated, computer controlled electrical tech. Not hording the equivalent economic resources of a developing nation would also definitely help. Especially given that a large part of why the developing world does as much damage to the environment as it does is largely because it is dirt poor. Probably also doesn't help that as one of the world's largest private investors, he is actively driving the "generate investor value" culture that leads to the environmentally and socially destructive corner-cutting behaviour of modern corporations. Honestly, a centi-billionaire giving out about how the world can "work together" to not destroy itself is like a Catholic priest writing a book about childcare. Or Smaug the Golden writing a book on charity. I applaud the sentiment, but an iota of self-awareness wouldn't go amiss.

  60. Ahlamkin
    Ahlamkin
    11 ditë më parë

    But...but...if a person is set on fire, they're sweat does NOT put it out lol.

  61. Ronald Hodgson
    Ronald Hodgson
    11 ditë më parë

    Yes, let's all read a book written by a man who has a lot of money invested in the things the book is selling. No conflict of interest there.

  62. Hydrated Beans
    Hydrated Beans
    11 ditë më parë

    None of this will help as long as our economic model demands infinite growth.

  63. DELTACX10
    DELTACX10
    11 ditë më parë

    Domes work great for keeping a steady temperature inside so you don't need powerful heating or cooling so you can save alot of energy

  64. DELTACX10
    DELTACX10
    11 ditë më parë

    Or you can simply avoid filling your buildings with flammable crap like carpet and drop ceiling tiles.

  65. Laurie Paris
    Laurie Paris
    11 ditë më parë

    Fascinating! Nature is the ultimate engineer.🌱

  66. StYxXx
    StYxXx
    11 ditë më parë

    Self dimming windows already have existed for decades, although using another method and design. But the concept itself isn't new.

  67. TacComControl
    TacComControl
    12 ditë më parë

    The polymer shifting is an interesting thought, but I have a slightly better idea. How about instead of expensive silver polymers, we instead use photochromic dye films? You might know them better as Transition lenses, and as they respond specifically to direct and semi-direct UV light, they would have the added benefit of not applying a heat conductive metallic silver material to a window in a hot environment, while also keeping windows fully see-through, just shaded. They would also have the benefit of not significantly reducing your light levels when you're dealing with a shaded window. The hazard of this, and of the polymer coating as well, is that in both cases, you're reducing your incoming light level, which increases the need for relying on electric light, which generates more heat IN the home, to say nothing of the increases in CO2 emissions due to the increased wear on the power grid.

  68. Jesse DeVaney
    Jesse DeVaney
    12 ditë më parë

    I thumbs down because of the sponsor

  69. Felix Henson
    Felix Henson
    12 ditë më parë

    "nature has been around for a long time" thanks SciShow! 👍 Cutting edge science 😂

  70. Taglamig Yelo
    Taglamig Yelo
    12 ditë më parë

    *Mephisto!!!*

  71. Yu Hin TAM
    Yu Hin TAM
    12 ditë më parë

    1:25 oh so like concrete?

  72. Armadillito
    Armadillito
    12 ditë më parë

    That fish scale glass is intentionally less stiff in order to improve toughness. I'm not sure it's actually stronger in technical terms?

  73. Dejin1
    Dejin1
    12 ditë më parë

    Can we talk about the fact that his book needed trees to be cutdown to print on the paper for his book....I mean seriously....

  74. Timothy Greer
    Timothy Greer
    12 ditë më parë

    I think I'm going back to mud & straw huts when we get out of this current mess

  75. Shawn Wesley
    Shawn Wesley
    12 ditë më parë

    Hey, we could also stop with this whole capitalism thing -- capitalist corporations are the worst offenders by a massive amount, and the incentives of how capitalism works only keeps it going. To that end, Gates, Bezos, Musk, Zuckerberg, et al could be relieved of their wealth -- they can keep _a_ home of modest size and maybe a single million. The rest goes toward climate change solutions, health care, funding unions, and affordable (or free) housing for those in need. Oh, and we can just tax all income over a million dollars by like 99%. Because there's no need for more than that to have a _very_ comfortable life. And they're still rich!! So, really, everyone wins.

  76. crashoverride93637
    crashoverride93637
    12 ditë më parë

    How to avoid a climate disaster....step 1 stop cutting down trees to print your book

  77. Ernest Bywater
    Ernest Bywater
    12 ditë më parë

    I wonder if the concrete products are made with the normal type of concrete with stone aggregate or the more temperature resistant light-weight concrete developed about 30 years ago using small polymer beads instead of the stone. Replacing the stone with polymer reduces the weight a lot, and because the beads can compress or expand a little it greatly reduces cracking in the concrete. While I've seen projects made with it, I've need seen it in widespread use in the building industry.

  78. Michael Heider
    Michael Heider
    12 ditë më parë

    We come up with great plans and then dont build them . I see " new" designs that are 30y old

  79. Jari
    Jari
    12 ditë më parë

    Has not Nostradamus already told us we cant avoid a climate disaster . Politicians are not in charge ,money and power are.

  80. Just an Average Dragon
    Just an Average Dragon
    12 ditë më parë

    Wow, China actually contributing to *fixing* climate change? Color me impressed

  81. Christopher Violante
    Christopher Violante
    12 ditë më parë

    Bill Gates is everything wrong with the world in one person.

  82. Green Dragonfly
    Green Dragonfly
    12 ditë më parë

    Bill Gates knows if you control the food, you control the future.

  83. Alejandro Torres (Student)
    Alejandro Torres (Student)
    12 ditë më parë

    I had an assignment for this video and it was due by the end of class. I didn't get it done so I'm giving this a dislike.

  84. Theballonist
    Theballonist
    12 ditë më parë

    Bill Gates is really doing a lot of reputation laundering rn. His billions come from making software for the tech that is now poisoning millions all over the world. If that e-waste had been regulated properly, he would not be so rich and we wouldn’t be at such risk of getting sick from it.

  85. Steve Trosok
    Steve Trosok
    12 ditë më parë

    Why is someone without a university degree writing a book about avoiding a climate disaster? Oh yes because he’s a billionaire and he can do whatever he wants, including funding this segment. Gates should stick to what he knows best, endangering the lives of third world children through reckless clinical trials.

  86. Amethyst Mei
    Amethyst Mei
    12 ditë më parë

    Y'all I forgot homeostasis exists and I wondered "What could he be talking about? That sound cool!" And then I saw that and actually laughed.

  87. Henning
    Henning
    12 ditë më parë

    Bionics are awesome!

  88. Sam Ylsneh
    Sam Ylsneh
    12 ditë më parë

    Just when we were making progress people are going to start killing polar bears to make walls. Thanks Sci-Show

  89. nurkkr
    nurkkr
    12 ditë më parë

    Did Hank not get the memo? It's called the climate EMERGENCY now and rightfully so

  90. Quack
    Quack
    13 ditë më parë

    Lol Bill Gates. The guy that believes in crazy crap. Yeah...Also, we could definitely be contributing more to slowing climate change....if we weren't busy destroying our economy. You think people will care about sustainability when they are starving?

  91. August
    August
    13 ditë më parë

    i wish you would've showed pictures of the actual products

  92. Thomas Beaumont
    Thomas Beaumont
    13 ditë më parë

    How to avoid a climate disaster? Have someone in power who might be alive to suffer the consequences of thr climate disaster

  93. Stephane Alegoria
    Stephane Alegoria
    13 ditë më parë

    Bill gates? Beurk....

  94. totalfreedom45
    totalfreedom45
    13 ditë më parë

    _When you have eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth._ -Sherlock Holmes Mother Earth desperately needs more Bill Gates and more Elon Musks. 💕 ☮ 🌎 🌌

  95. bazilisk1
    bazilisk1
    13 ditë më parë

    Yes, we definetely need advice from guy who singlehandedly has more carbon emissions then small town combined.

  96. Tzisorey Tigerwuf
    Tzisorey Tigerwuf
    13 ditë më parë

    If you can use the mantis-shrimp-spiral-layers thing for making concrete stronger, I wonder if it has applications in ballistic shielding.

  97. MJ Z
    MJ Z
    13 ditë më parë

    yea we can talk about all these when their cost isnt astronomical bcs as long as their prices dont go down they just arent gonna fly with the ppl that finance the bldgs

  98. The YouTube Poop
    The YouTube Poop
    13 ditë më parë

    Bill Gates and capitalism will not solve the climate crisis. Pull the wool from over your eyes. The market caused the crisis.

  99. Torsti Torsterson
    Torsti Torsterson
    13 ditë më parë

    Cool and all. I hope we all keep in mind though that technology alone is not a way out of our current climate and ecological crisis. We can't solve all of our problems by just making more stuff, consuming more and more. We should take the technologies as aides to help achieve the overall changes needed, not a substitute for them. Not to mention these crises are also social in nature - how you going to get people to accept higher taxes on gasoline for example if a car is still basically a requirement and you're not helping improve people's income.

  100. Scarlet Jones
    Scarlet Jones
    13 ditë më parë

    These are all nice ideas but very unlikely any will become mainstream in buildings. To change anything in construction you need to have a lot buy in from multiple groups of people. No one wants to be the real world test subject. People do what they know works not something that should work in theory. If things go wrong in a building it can cost a lot of money or even someone’s life.