How Archaeologists Are Literally Recreating the Past | Experimental Archaeology

1 292 Shikime 130 mijë

This episode is brought to you by the Music for Scientists album! Stream the album on major music services here: biglink.to/music-for-scientists. Check out the “For Your Love" music video here: alfirst.info/load/jXyhmq3JaZl0qJc/video.
Archaeology might make you think about excavating dinosaur bones or exploring ancient ruins, but we can also learn a lot about the past through experimentation, sometimes with some pretty tasty results!
Hosted by: Stefan Chin
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Sources:
exarc.net/issue-2019-1/ea/experimental-archaeology-who-does-it-what-use
www.haraldthesmith.com/an-introduction-to-experimental-archaeology/
www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/649836
carta.anthropogeny.org/users/lyn-wadley
www.nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/the-transition-to-modern-behavior-86614339/
www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-14322-y
www.jstor.org/stable/25616188
www.nytimes.com/2003/04/01/science/for-kon-tiki-theory-ray-of-hope-is-dashed.html
www.fpl.fs.fed.us/labnotes/?p=844
exarc.net/issue-2012-1/ea/theory-archaeological-raft-motivation-method-and-madness-experimental-archaeology
www.smithsonianmag.com/history/kon-tiki-sails-again-5404357/
exarc.net/issue-2012-1/ea/theory-archaeological-raft-motivation-method-and-madness-experimental-archaeology
journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0048769
libguides.stalbanssc.vic.edu.au/polynesian-expansion
archive.hokulea.com/ike/moolelo/discovery_and_settlement.html
www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/how-voyage-kon-tiki-misled-world-about-navigating-pacific-180952478/
archive.hokulea.com/ike/kalai_waa/kane_search_voyaging_canoe.html
exarc.net/issue-2019-1/ea/experimental-archaeology-who-does-it-what-use
www.sapiens.org/archaeology/ancient-egyptian-bread/
www.butserancientfarm.co.uk/research
books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=IQaIAgAAQBAJ
Images:
www.eurekalert.org/multimedia/pub/201602.php?from=430609
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:HOKULE%27A001.jpg
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:FuneraryModel-BakeryAndBrewery_MetropolitanMuseum.png
www.eurekalert.org/multimedia/pub/95321.php
journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0158803#
www.eurekalert.org/multimedia/pub/49711.php?from=225973
link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12520-020-01179-y#Fig1
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Flint-knapping_Demonstration_(27349458154).jpg
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hellocker-_Pigment.JPG
www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-14322-y
www.flickr.com/photos/36277035@N06/45288900825
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kon-Tiki,_Kon-Tiki_Museum,_2019_(01).jpg
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hokule%27a.jpg
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Polynesian_navigation_device_showing_directions_of_winds,_waves_and_islands.jpg
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Polynesian_triangle.svg
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mau_Piailug.gif
www.flickr.com/photos/41523983@N08/15734156204
www.eurekalert.org/multimedia/pub/198277.php?from=426881
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Egyptian_harvest.jpg
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usdaemmer1.jpg
www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/time-lapse-of-homemade-sourdough-bread-rising-in-a-glass-bowl-covered-with-plastic-wrap-suewncqb7jiqebf1e
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ramses_III_bakery.jpg
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Butser_Ancient_Farm_2011_from_windmill_hill.JPG
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Castell_Henllys_-_geograph.org.uk_-_67364.jpg
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Viking_house_Ale_Sweden.jpg
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Butser_Farm_Moel_y_Gerddi.jpg
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Land_of_Legends_Lejre_06.jpg
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Land_of_Legends_Lejre_05.jpg
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rome-Pantheon-Interieur1.jpg

Komente

  1. SciShow
    SciShow
    11 ditë më parë

    This episode is brought to you by the Music for Scientists album! Stream the album on major music services here: biglink.to/music-for-scientists​. Check out the “For Your Love" music video here: alfirst.info/load/jXyhmq3JaZl0qJc/video​.

    1. Jannette Berends
      Jannette Berends
      9 ditë më parë

      I listen to the sample of music for scientists. I find it horrible. Most scientists I know prefer heavy metal. Personally I love symphonic rock.

    2. RedLaserFox
      RedLaserFox
      10 ditë më parë

      SHhhhhh ☝️

    3. Eric Meler
      Eric Meler
      10 ditë më parë

      @foxy .-. good morning miss brown your at the top girl of your ?

    4. AleKO
      AleKO
      11 ditë më parë

      We need more experimental archeology!

    5. foxy .-.
      foxy .-.
      11 ditë më parë

      Idk im just here, do you guys read this?

  2. eertikrux
    eertikrux
    2 ditë më parë

    So Tasting History has been doing this the whole time?

  3. Ahmed Hassan
    Ahmed Hassan
    2 ditë më parë

    this is why I don't believe dinosaurs existed those fossils were made by archaeologists

  4. Sasha Toao
    Sasha Toao
    3 ditë më parë

    Ok you told us that south Americans didnt settle the Polynesian islands, but who did?

  5. Matthew Dunn
    Matthew Dunn
    4 ditë më parë

    (1) Go find a dictionary; (2) look up the word, "literally."

  6. jorgelotr
    jorgelotr
    4 ditë më parë

    One of the coolest fields of study ever. (Also, the best alien repellent ever.)

  7. Mac Crazy
    Mac Crazy
    4 ditë më parë

    There is a open-air stone age museum in Aspern an der Zaya (I think) in Lower Austria and they make really great stone-age style bread. But it is very encouraging to the digestive tract..

  8. Jonathan Williams
    Jonathan Williams
    5 ditë më parë

    I’d love to do this Unfortunately I have the wrong degree cuz I need money and an easier to get job

  9. Cambesa
    Cambesa
    5 ditë më parë

    There's this Experimental Archeology channel called Absolute History where they build a castle with 1300s building techniques, replicate a Tudor Monastery Lifestyle and way more. Very interesting to watch.

  10. Raum Bances
    Raum Bances
    7 ditë më parë

    If you suddenly blinded someone and tested their abilities to learn along side someone who was blind from the start, you'd get clearly different performance. Likewise when you use a human who has evolved to use language for such things. Even if they didn't use language, they would have been learning for longer than 2 phases of attempts. Language facilitates learning but may not have been necessary to cut rocks given enough time in apprenticeship.

  11. Felipe Carvalho
    Felipe Carvalho
    7 ditë më parë

    "the people who paid the pyramids were 'paid' in bread and beer" Oh really? You mean like, I don't know, SLAVES?

    1. Just Checking
      Just Checking
      4 ditë më parë

      Guess they paid them in $ bread man. Then they spent it on beer? I imagine they should have figured out how to use magnetic ways to slide them big blocks in place. There could have been a easy way to have put them blocks in place. No need to have more work and less time to drink beer.🔂⏬❇⏫🔁➗🚎or maybe a good old come along winch? 😉

    2. ClockworkGriffin
      ClockworkGriffin
      5 ditë më parë

      No, they were paid. The pyramids were not built by slaves.

  12. Felipe Carvalho
    Felipe Carvalho
    7 ditë më parë

    "humans from that time were capable of complex cognition" oh, really! "Hey, they talked to each other too!" OH, REALLY!? The blatant presentism bias here is astonishing. People keep considering our ancestors as below us cognitively. Ffs. Despite that being shown as false for decades, centuries. And also that being OBVIOUSLY false

  13. Robert Spears III
    Robert Spears III
    7 ditë më parë

    Still waiting on Garum. Doesn't sound like itd taste very well but supposedly it's delicious. I'd have to say that learning depends on the individual, but words are definitely crucial even if someone learns by visual examples. Just my personal thoughts. It does seem that these things could be celebrated in one past ancestral things.

  14. MrFelblood
    MrFelblood
    7 ditë më parë

    Some of this was new info (the age of spoke word/signed word) Some of this is old hat (it's the same stuff we do year round in the SCA)

  15. KTVX.94
    KTVX.94
    7 ditë më parë

    Sure, brewing egyptian beer "for science"

  16. Rennis Tora
    Rennis Tora
    7 ditë më parë

    Do you want to bake some bread man? Let's rediscover ancient recipes We may not know, how it will go It's experimental archeology!

  17. Mitch McQuinn
    Mitch McQuinn
    8 ditë më parë

    hafdid spears are great, but I prefer mine fully did

  18. omnizoom
    omnizoom
    8 ditë më parë

    I think the yeast one could be a tricky one, unless the artifacts they sampled from came from the same micro region , two different strains of yeast will likely be present , in wine we have to a of wild yeasts on the fruit and if you do a sterile start ferment so the natural yeast can start it, a wine from grapes in different farms (even in the same region) can yield different strains of yeast that successfully grow

  19. TK99
    TK99
    8 ditë më parë

    The ancient Egyptians may have more cleaver than we know. Because its possible they discovered one type of yeast is good for beer and another is good for bread. Meaning they had a more fundamental if simpler understanding.

  20. Terrence
    Terrence
    8 ditë më parë

    wtf with having to look to the Romans who just did things better. I love the Romans but, damn we STILL need to look back to them to improve? Impressive. Damn

    1. Just Checking
      Just Checking
      4 ditë më parë

      Don't know about their beer or bread but I like their Roman noodles.😒😂

  21. kindlin
    kindlin
    8 ditë më parë

    No mention of any of the FULL SCALE castle's being built, renovated or lived in around the world? Probably worthy or it's own whole episode.

  22. Gabriel Pescio
    Gabriel Pescio
    8 ditë më parë

    8:41 Ancient egyptians didn't leave behind recipes. Wait... aren't the "drawings of bakers" of 8:47 kinda hieroglyphics recipes?

    1. Just Checking
      Just Checking
      4 ditë më parë

      Who came first. The Romantic Romans or the Egyptians? And where did the Italians get there noodles from the Romans?

  23. Claude Kingstan
    Claude Kingstan
    8 ditë më parë

    Please open an Egyptian restaurant to let us try their ancient bread and beer 🥖🍺🍺

  24. blindsightedkill
    blindsightedkill
    8 ditë më parë

    Does this equal 🤔 finding art fakes?

  25. Jodie Kirwan
    Jodie Kirwan
    8 ditë më parë

    So a couple of these (spears & baking) remind me of a channel (HowToMakeEverything) that is recreating everything, chronologically, our ancestors used to advance, from scratch ..i.e from the first stone tools, to extracting iron ore for smelting into knives.

  26. Skye M
    Skye M
    8 ditë më parë

    Indiana Jones is grave robbing, not archaeology.

  27. Mozkonauta
    Mozkonauta
    8 ditë më parë

    👍👍👍

  28. Joshua Conner
    Joshua Conner
    8 ditë më parë

    something I didn't hear considered is the Egyptians might have used different yeast for bread and beer based on the taste of the finished product granted that would be like mind-bogglingly specific.

  29. P4riah1
    P4riah1
    8 ditë më parë

    experimental archeology is a really really great field. not only from the excellent data it can give us, but also because of its ability to punch thru our society's and our scientist's modern preconceptions about ancient peoples. preconceptions that are often rooted in eurocentric colonial racism. for example, the 'ancient alien' phenomenon, which really just boils down to 'these ancient brown people are way too stupid and inferior to have made this, it mustve been aliens'. experimental archeology does such a good job putting us into the shoes and puzzles of those people and showing us how we really arent any smarter than they were. so many scientists and historians and archeologists who dont practice experimental archeology would never have for a moment considered going 'hey, that native guy over there actually was taught the ancient ocean navigation method we've been debating the existence of. lets build a boat and have him teach us the way his forebears taught him.' this is simultaneously hilarious, but also just shows how even our bleeding edge science is filled with bias. there are native oral traditions all over the world that constantly get ignored, and then later 'discovered' once some scientists spend extra decades and millions of dollars more than needed to reach the same conclusions without first being at least pointed in the right direction. the fact that experimental archeology tends to do a lot better job listening to the sources that are still there is one of its greatest advantages. anyway. theres another fun field of experimental archeology thats sprung up in the last few decades between historians, archeologists, and martial artists. we have a lot of archeological samples of ancient weapons and armor, but very few writings or pictorial representations of how those arms were actually used. so lately a lot of people who practice historical martial arts. for instance, some HEMA (Historical European Martial Arts) practitioners, who normally learn sword systems we have in medieval and renaissance fencing manuals, are getting replicas of ancient weapons and armor, hitting each other with them, and trying to figure out how ancient warriors might have fought with them. some of these martial artists are also historians and archeologists by training themselves, and theyve worked with museum curators and blacksmiths to recreate the weapons, and we've learned a lot of things about ancient cultures and their warriors from their experiments. its really cool stuff!

  30. Benjamin Ruckman
    Benjamin Ruckman
    8 ditë më parë

    This is my cup of tea, glass of beer

  31. Johan Smith
    Johan Smith
    8 ditë më parë

    To show and show how things works is hard. You have to be a good teacher. To teach other to make stone tools is hard. So it is very important to show and talk in specific ways so the teaching is as efficient as possible. Now I am a human that know how to talk but it is hard to teach. So I have learned how to talk and how to show how to do stuff as good as possible. A cousin of mine is a teacher in pedagogy and teach high schoolers this and she thinks that I am so darn good in this. I dont have any official education in this. I have just learned this by experience.

  32. Stefan Latimer
    Stefan Latimer
    8 ditë më parë

    This is like HTME and tasting history combined

  33. SimpleE Modern
    SimpleE Modern
    9 ditë më parë

    No, no that album is not on iTunes Store. Come on...

  34. Sweet Seclusion
    Sweet Seclusion
    9 ditë më parë

    Is there a reason why they use Polynesian instead of Austronesians? When Polynesians are Austronesians who settled there by the maritime technology the Austronesians developed that enabled them to people those islands in the first place? I'm confused.

  35. pquic
    pquic
    9 ditë më parë

    can wait to see the recreation of one or more of the monolithic structures that are at many of the ancient sites around the world using ancient techniques.... oh wait

  36. matheus Santhiago
    matheus Santhiago
    9 ditë më parë

    so ancient skillshare is the sponsor of human language and cognition huh, who'd thought

  37. FreedomUntilDeath
    FreedomUntilDeath
    9 ditë më parë

    I have a question; You mentioned that Thor Heyerdahl’s theory was disproven by a 2003 DNA study, but did you guys get to read the July 2020 paper in Nature that gave genetic evidence supporting a contact event between Native Colombians and Eastern Polynesians around 1200 AD ? I heard about this paper last summer when it came out, but I didn’t read it because it’s behind a pay-wall, although I did read Heyerdahl’s book about the Kon-Tiki expedition.

  38. Sophie Robinson
    Sophie Robinson
    9 ditë më parë

    Polynesians and South Americans did trade, though.

  39. Angry Kittens
    Angry Kittens
    9 ditë më parë

    Correction: *Micronesians are not Polynesians.* Micronesia was settled by Austronesians more than 2000 years earlier (c. 1500 BC) directly from the Philippines, and is the first long-distance open-ocean voyage by any human group. Polynesia was settled much later (first wave to Tonga/Samoa: c. 800 BC; second wave to other islands: c. 700 AD) from another branch of Austronesians moving through Island Melanesia. Although they later reconnected in some islands, they favored very different ship technologies. Micronesia favored single-outrigger asymmetric voyaging boats (the "flying proas" of European accounts), while Polynesians favored double-hull voyaging catamarans (like the Hokulea). The navigation techniques are similar, but calling Mau Piailug a "Polynesian navigator" is wrong. He's Carolinian, which is not part of Polynesia.

  40. Angry Kittens
    Angry Kittens
    9 ditë më parë

    Heyerdahl was a racist hack who is guilty of warping so many people's beliefs about the Austronesian settlement of the Pacific. The Kon-Tiki expedition basically boils down to: "Austronesians are not white! They couldn't possibly have sailed thousands of kilometers of open ocean with no white technology! So it must have been settled by an advanced legendary sun-worshiping white race from South America (originally from the Old World)."

  41. Thund3rb1rd
    Thund3rb1rd
    9 ditë më parë

    I never "LIKE" videos that use the politically correct gibberish term "BCE". Plus, this guy obviously likes to watch himself talk.

  42. Clockwork King
    Clockwork King
    9 ditë më parë

    It is worth noting that experimental archeology is often quite limited. There is a rising trend in fencing called "HEMA" (Historical European Martial Arts, though similar schools do exist for non-European martial arts). HEMA practitioners try to recreate historical fencing schools by looking at historical manuals and using recreations of historical swords (not sharp ones for obvious reasons and with safety gear). This is well-intentioned for historical purposes but newcomers and even practiced fencers will come up with ideas for how historical weapons were used that just don't match up with the historical manuals at all. Certainly some license can be given with historical manuals, but sometimes modern ideas can be flatly wrong. This isn't to knock the field, I love it and find it fascinating, but it can get things wrong even for actual researchers.

  43. Ruby Feather
    Ruby Feather
    9 ditë më parë

    Roman Concrete, Egyptian Beer, Damascus Steel and Greek Fire. These are the four forgotten nation technologies of our past, and it is up to the Archaeologist, the chosen scientist, to unite them all with the modern era and bring balance and peace to the historians of the world.

  44. HauntedShadowsLegacy
    HauntedShadowsLegacy
    9 ditë më parë

    Yo, why you ain't mentioned the nerds that ate mammoth meat and got food poisoning from it? Or the medieval castle experiment that is literally still going on right now? Missed opportunities for more interesting stories, yo.

  45. ][
    ][
    9 ditë më parë

    Napping? I bet they could teach me to improve my napping skill for school

  46. Faith Morgan
    Faith Morgan
    9 ditë më parë

    Shout out to How to make Everything! Great channel if you like this video!

  47. MaskedWeirdosChannel
    MaskedWeirdosChannel
    9 ditë më parë

    Ah my favourite kind of archeologists!

  48. ike eki
    ike eki
    9 ditë më parë

    amazing. to wait 6 days for glue to dry shows patience as well as planning skills and social cooperation.

  49. Sean Beadles
    Sean Beadles
    9 ditë më parë

    SunWatch is a neat location in Dayton Ohio where they’re doing the house burning and house collapse experiments with mississippian wall trench houses. It’s built by the site, and houses a museum as well.

  50. LoveTrueMusic1
    LoveTrueMusic1
    9 ditë më parë

    I would like to see the results of the same experiment, but instead with a Deaf signing researcher teaching other Deaf tool makers. I disagree strongly that verbal communication is inherently better or superior to signed languages. The students and teacher in the video simply did not understand or know a sign language.

  51. Sam
    Sam
    9 ditë më parë

    Flint Knapping is one of the most frustrating things I've ever done. Especially when you are neary complete and then split the flint and mess the whole blade up!

  52. DANIEL NORMAN
    DANIEL NORMAN
    9 ditë më parë

    Yeah they are rewriting history with a bunch of asinine assumptions. And that is not good

  53. Mike Honcho
    Mike Honcho
    9 ditë më parë

    Music for Scientists is just the tune for SciShow on repeat for 10hrs

    1. Jerry Frometa
      Jerry Frometa
      9 ditë më parë

      +.1307>

    2. Jerry Frometa
      Jerry Frometa
      9 ditë më parë

      Thanks for the comment

  54. nina mo
    nina mo
    9 ditë më parë

    A Hymn to Ninkasi is the ancient Sumerian recipe for brewing beer. Neurologist know that songs and poems are the best way to memorize and pass down information.

  55. TheWaterMarbler
    TheWaterMarbler
    10 ditë më parë

    An archaeologist, a physicist, and a microbiologist walk into an Egyptian bar...

  56. Jason Colby
    Jason Colby
    10 ditë më parë

    I keep going back to Greek fire watching this. Scientists have tried to make the exact formula for years.

  57. Tracy Kaebisch
    Tracy Kaebisch
    10 ditë më parë

    "Pyramid builder"... you mean slave right?

  58. Magnus Holmgren
    Magnus Holmgren
    10 ditë më parë

    Will this finally make creationists shut up about "historical science not being repeatable"? Probably not.

  59. thegoodlisteners listenwell
    thegoodlisteners listenwell
    10 ditë më parë

    #Iamverysmart You see, as an intellectual, I only listen to music for scientists....

  60. theharper1
    theharper1
    10 ditë më parë

    And to all the rest of you out there, the secret is to bang the rocks together, guys!

  61. deepsy2k
    deepsy2k
    10 ditë më parë

    I am Groot

  62. NatWon
    NatWon
    10 ditë më parë

    6:27 can we please try and keep that skill alive? We might need it again in a few hundred years

    1. Pyro
      Pyro
      8 ditë më parë

      Yea.....

  63. Artem Nikolaiev
    Artem Nikolaiev
    10 ditë më parë

    That's just... One of the best jobs in the world

  64. Party of One
    Party of One
    10 ditë më parë

    Scientist over here fine dining while kids in africa are starving

  65. ilikenothingtoo
    ilikenothingtoo
    10 ditë më parë

    The first sentence spoken, "How you do that?"

  66. Lelia Dutton
    Lelia Dutton
    10 ditë më parë

    My daughter is an Anthropologist so starting with the "Treasure Hunter" Indiana Jones made me question is it real? Talking to the she informed me about the NH University she teaches at and the work she and another professor have done in Experimental Archaeology. It made me very happy and made me love this channel even more!

  67. Andrew Godly
    Andrew Godly
    10 ditë më parë

    We should raise a bunch of children in an environment that's historically accurate to the desired point in history we wish to study. See how they grow and adapt from living in that setting. What sort of beliefs they construct and new technologies they discover. Perhaps an experiment like this is already being performed on you.

  68. BandanaDrummer95
    BandanaDrummer95
    10 ditë më parë

    You mention that it doesn't seem like the yeast in the Egyptian beer and the Egyptian bread are the same, but that doesn't necessarily mean that they didn't know about the connection. Trub isn't often the nicest thing to use as your source of yeast as, depending on the recipe of the beer, it can make the bread really bitter. Also, even though some trubs will give a nice sourdough-like taste, some won't and instead just give a rather bland bread. There's plenty of reasons that trub bread isn't common today, even with our knowledge of yeast, so they could only prove that a connection was known, not disprove it. Some greater knowledge might come from finding different yeasts in different bread samples or beer samples as that would show that they knew different yeasts would yield different flavors

  69. Mark Hancock
    Mark Hancock
    10 ditë më parë

    @3:37 "Only the speech group was able to remember the method" - Do you think this might be biased by the people the participated - whose primary for of commutations was speech. I bet if you repeated the test using deaf people, the results would be different.

  70. Captain Sterling
    Captain Sterling
    10 ditë më parë

    “An archaeologist, a physicist, and a microbiologist” sounds like the start of a really nerdy joke

    1. Pyro
      Pyro
      8 ditë më parë

      It actually is lol

  71. Captain Sterling
    Captain Sterling
    10 ditë më parë

    I love the phrase, “Successfully Crashed” 😂

  72. Bethup Thteen
    Bethup Thteen
    10 ditë më parë

    South Americans may not have colonized Polynesia, but Polynesians did make it to South America as has been demonstrated by pre-Columbian chicken bones with Polynesian traits having been discovered in Chile and sweet potatoes from the Americas were taken back to Polynesia, also pre-Columbian. (I saw this on "Who Really Discovered America" by The History Chanel in 2010, when the channel still used to do some real history. It's a neat documentary.)

  73. Michael james
    Michael james
    10 ditë më parë

    Need a spear point? Stone the wrong shape? We've got a knapp for that!

  74. Luigi T. Sousa
    Luigi T. Sousa
    10 ditë më parë

    I swear everytime he said something related to skill or experience I was expecting a "just like what you can learn in SkillShare" ad xD

  75. hacked2123
    hacked2123
    10 ditë më parë

    Me, 7 minutes into the video: "this a long 5 minute video" (4:56 as I recalled) Me: "o yeah, that was the last video season finals...suprised I can recognize the difference betwen 5 minutes and 7 subconsciously"

  76. Ethan
    Ethan
    10 ditë më parë

    Excellent video.

  77. James Petts
    James Petts
    10 ditë më parë

    I approve of baking based experiments.

  78. Ian Flanagan
    Ian Flanagan
    10 ditë më parë

    Humans did human things who would have thunk it....also did it ever occur to people that some ancient cultures never became highly technologicaly advanced because they didn't see the point in doing so? Some ancient people may have just valued nature and simplicity over industry, it's not that they were less developed or stupid they just had different values.

  79. sdfkjgh
    sdfkjgh
    10 ditë më parë

    3:56 From _The Hitchhikker's Guide to the Galaxy:_ "The secret is to bang the rocks together, guys!"

  80. sdfkjgh
    sdfkjgh
    11 ditë më parë

    0:23 _"You call this archaeology?!"_ --Dr. Henry Jones

  81. darookmezd
    darookmezd
    11 ditë më parë

    7:05 an archaeologist, a physicist and a microbiologist walk into a bar... wait...

  82. Karl Ashdown
    Karl Ashdown
    11 ditë më parë

    So who is going to do some experimental Archaeology on the ancient Coca samples found a couple of years ago in Egypt?

  83. Joris Pattyn
    Joris Pattyn
    11 ditë më parë

    Conducting a scientific experiment requires carefully sifting your ways for extra variables. If something is concluded ignoring a (hidden) variable, the conclusion is shifty. The imitating-gesturing-talking experiment contains such a variable, that, at least according to the video, has not been accounted for. The "newbies" in the experiment are not just the same as the youngsters from our ancestors. Thus, concluding that speech was paramount to the required results is going a step too far: OUR newbies are seeped in a culture that just turns around verbal communication. From this experiment alone, we cannot decide the youngsters from so many thousands of years ago, were too.

  84. Kes Sharann
    Kes Sharann
    11 ditë më parë

    If you really want to lock in a lesson you watch, listen, and do. Do the task. In classrooms this means writing it down. For physical things you do them. You reinforce the memory. You strengthen the neural pathways.

  85. Moroccan tasty recipes
    Moroccan tasty recipes
    11 ditë më parë

    Until now Moroccan cooking has found few to sing its praises and yet it is the richest as regards variety and most select in quality of all the traditional north African schools of cookery. To for that reason, she came 🔎 moroccan_tasty_recipes🔔 To present this ancient heritage in a modern youthful suite.❤️😊🌸........................................

  86. RogerWilco
    RogerWilco
    11 ditë më parë

    I learned of Polynesian navigation at the Bishop museum in Honolulu Hawaii, with a demonstration using their planetarium. It is amazing. I have since considered the history of the Polynesian people and the voyage of Hoku'le'a to be some of the most interesting things that humanity has ever done. Almost on par with the moon landings and the pyramids. I can recommend the book "Vaka Moana: Voyages of our ancestors" if you want to know more.

  87. Marc Jacobi
    Marc Jacobi
    11 ditë më parë

    @5:00 The Polynesian captain proves an interesting point. No way that modern scientists could have come close to navigate that without these skills. My point is that an experimental scientist should first assume he/she sucks at the skill involved in the experiment (that flint knapping was horrendous LOL). A second point is to not underestimate the knowledge and skill of native people. The knew how to solve their problems well. That being said: I think it's an excellent way to discover new things about our past.

  88. Bob Loblaw
    Bob Loblaw
    11 ditë më parë

    Seriously though, if you knew a lot of archaeologists, it wouldn’t surprise you that they put so much effort into making ancient beer lol.

  89. Charlie Angkor
    Charlie Angkor
    11 ditë më parë

    How to make a really decent perfume for men: break cinnamon bark into small pieces, roast it on a pan until it starts browning in spots, then grind it into powder in a food processor, then pour in 100% (denatured) alcohol swish a bit, filter through a hankerchief in a funnel then wring the alcohol out from the cake, put it into a spray bottle. Then set small pieces of blank writing paper on fire smoldering, set them on a plate and cover them with a glass jar leaving a small gap so they don't stop smoldering. Do about 10 times. Wash out the glass with alcohol and add it into the perfume. Done. For me, the smell is wonderful. Rich. Sophisticated. Sensual. Inviting. I wouldn't think it's homemade if I didn't know it. DIsadvantage: it's brown and staining. This method is called absolute and is actually a preferred method in perfumery because produces richer perfumes than the essential oil steam distillation method.

  90. KENNETH FOSTER
    KENNETH FOSTER
    11 ditë më parë

    Watching because the left beer glass on the thumbnail looks like Batman

  91. Charlie Angkor
    Charlie Angkor
    11 ditë më parë

    If you want a humongously strong connection, I recommend this semi-prehistoric technique. Cut a thin long strip of rubber from an inner tyre. Then put two things together and wind it on it WHILE STRETCHED. The force is multiplied by number of turns and can reach humongous values. If you want an extra friction between the parts, clean them of dust and put a single layer of thin latex glove or condom between them. The only disadvantage: ozone cracking. Depending on ozone content in your location, the rubber will fall apart after few months and will need to be rewound again.

  92. Charlie Angkor
    Charlie Angkor
    11 ditë më parë

    Fracture cone.

  93. Nelson Swanberg
    Nelson Swanberg
    11 ditë më parë

    Figure it out now young people. Find your science. In your future you will either be the scientist or literally a lab rat. They learned to brew beer because drinking the water made them sick.

  94. Borden Fleetwood
    Borden Fleetwood
    11 ditë më parë

    Experimental archaeology has merit, and it's fascinating to read the reports and watch clips from the experiments... But so, so hard to get through. It sets my teeth on edge. Watching or reading about how all these highly specialized, post-grad level people go about trying to think like an "uneducated" primitive generalist is like watching a five year old writing a top-down accounts payable system... Without the absolute knowledge that it was possible, and an extant, finished product to work off of, they would RARELY even be able to make a finished product. Compared with a bunch of randos around the world, who find low-tech innovative solutions on a daily basis, it's honestly just this side of pathetic.

  95. Thea Svendsen
    Thea Svendsen
    11 ditë më parë

    My dad and big sister once lived in Lejre for about six months. My sister was only around five years old but they let her come along because they really wanted my dad’s botanical knowledge and experience. It’s such an awesome place!

  96. L
    L
    11 ditë më parë

    As an archaeologist I dig this video

  97. Pamela Mays
    Pamela Mays
    11 ditë më parë

    When "dusting off an old recipe" takes on a whole new meaning. Pyromaniac Marauders. My new Metal band name.

  98. Autodidactic Artisan
    Autodidactic Artisan
    11 ditë më parë

    Anyone already listen to the ologies podcast about Egyptian yeast???

  99. Pamela Mays
    Pamela Mays
    11 ditë më parë

    Stone-knapping. The technical term for a diamond heist. 💎💎💎💎

  100. EriksR
    EriksR
    11 ditë më parë

    Experimental archeology is just what the doctor ordered. Now let's make those ancient wall copies.