Whiteflies Destroy Crops Thanks to a Stolen Plant Gene | SciShow News

1 240 Shikime 125 mijë

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The silverleaf whitefly - a very prolific pest - is the only insect that we know of with a functional stolen plant gene.
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Sources:
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3347001
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3493419/
www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2021-03/cp-pg031721.php
www.cell.com/cell/fulltext/S0092-8674(21)00164-1?EA
link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A:1022846630513
Image Sources:
www.eurekalert.org/multimedia/pub/259438.php?from=496586
www.eurekalert.org/multimedia/pub/259437.php?from=496586
www.eurekalert.org/multimedia/pub/129237.php?from=345621
www.eurekalert.org/multimedia/pub/243796.php?from=478114
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:CSIRO_ScienceImage_7704_Silverleaf_whitefly_Bemisia_tabaci_biotype_B.jpg
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Silverleaf_Whitefly_(Bemisia_tabaci)_adult.jpg
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:CSIRO_ScienceImage_1359_Silverleaf_whitefly_Bemisia_tabaci_biotype_B.jpg
www.ars.usda.gov/oc/images/photos/nov07/d288-4/
www.ars.usda.gov/oc/images/photos/dec05/d288-4/
www.ars.usda.gov/oc/images/photos/apr06/d288-4/
www.ars.usda.gov/oc/images/photos/apr99/k4600-7/
www.ars.usda.gov/oc/images/photos/mar11/d2122-1/
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Silverleaf_whitefly.jpg
www.inaturalist.org/observations/31327370
www.inaturalist.org/observations/5881259

Komente

  1. Jerry Finn
    Jerry Finn
    Orë më parë

    Does anyone think that their could "junk DNA" could have come from horizontal gene transfer?

  2. Natsu Dragneel
    Natsu Dragneel
    Ditë më parë

    plants: *makes toxic goo to kill insects that want to eat them* hervibores: I'm about to end this plants whole career.

  3. karsten69
    karsten69
    2 ditë më parë

    ...What would happen if humans injected and activated chloroplast in addition to what we do now? we could use sunlight, carbon dioxide and water to create sugar and oxygen, then use that oxygen and sugar to create carbon dioxide. our water intake would dramatically increase,, but would it be worth it?

  4. Gothead420
    Gothead420
    2 ditë më parë

    I inhale *so much* herb, basically it's just a matter of time until I get an herbal superpower.... :D

  5. tonytheoneandonly
    tonytheoneandonly
    4 ditë më parë

    All of our food are already GMOs I am sure its fine

  6. Mike Trissel
    Mike Trissel
    4 ditë më parë

    So let me get this straight, a bug eats a plant that is poisonous and dies, or gets extremely sick. The bug says, either: I’m now dead, so I am going to develop myself into a hybrid bug / plant - oh wait, I’m dead- oops! or, That plant tasted awful, and made me sick, but I’m so stupid, I’m going back for more, to get sick again! (Cuz I am stupid) But at the same time, I’m also so smart with my pinhead brain, that my microscopic DNA is going to change, so that I enjoy getting sick? (and eating my spinach) Then the plant says, (without any brain) I don’t like this bug - it eats me, and even though I am just food, I am smarter without a brain than the pin-brained bug, so I’m gonna’ change my DNA……………. Glad I didn’t go to college

  7. Michel
    Michel
    5 ditë më parë

    Gene stealers on Terra? Thats heresy.

  8. Who? Me?
    Who? Me?
    5 ditë më parë

    We would gm the plant to resist these pests and then the pests would evolve again...it is a never ending cycle with GMOs...life finds a way.

  9. Paige Herrin
    Paige Herrin
    6 ditë më parë

    Well great! A day late and a dollar short, I reckon. Just finished teaching my 9th graders a full unit on evolution. How cool would this video have been 3 weeks ago?

  10. Adrian The Genuine
    Adrian The Genuine
    6 ditë më parë

    alfirst.info/load/ZqqiYGrdmJpiZZ8/video ❤️

  11. Octocube25
    Octocube25
    6 ditë më parë

    Plants: have a poisonous defense mechanism Insects: Hippity hoppity your gene is my property

  12. Jezza Lenko
    Jezza Lenko
    6 ditë më parë

    Poison Ivy defo has stolen plant genes

  13. Raul Patel
    Raul Patel
    6 ditë më parë

    Checked for April fool.

  14. DEUS SALT
    DEUS SALT
    6 ditë më parë

    Gene-stealers?? Heresy! Exterminatus approved.

  15. mike bar
    mike bar
    6 ditë më parë

    So we are a virus 🦟

  16. Evan Nibbe
    Evan Nibbe
    6 ditë më parë

    I think the better way of dealing with these pests is: 1) build orbiting space habitats to grow our food and send it down on a regular basis (this allows for such things as higher CO2 content of the air the plants are in and higher moisture that humans are comfortable with since these would be automated). 2) Use a gene drive that causes all of the insects of a given species that mate with the modified subjects you send out or their offspring to only produce males of that species. This second strategy is worse as far as it could harm the food chain, but remains substantially better than pesticides and is the strategy used in Florida to get rid of mosquitoes. 3) Use drones equipped with lasers to zap the mosquitoes. This is costly to scale up (relative to how automated space habitats can be manufactured on an exponentially increasing speed as more factories build themselves from asteroids), but it has more localized effects to particular farms to protect the food chain elsewhere.

  17. Fusion Developer
    Fusion Developer
    6 ditë më parë

    Of course, an occasional pest would be immune, and breed, and eventually a pest that has immunity to that chemical would become just as bad. What would be neat, is if we could find a group of genes, maybe 5, to cycle through. Imagine if GMO #5 immunity, caused GMO #1 to be deadly. you could just keep cycling and keep pests from adapting. (maybe?)

  18. Chris Segroves
    Chris Segroves
    6 ditë më parë

    So, someone went back in time and sequenced the white fly genome and showed it wasn't there to begin with? Honestly, this seems more like a 'just so' story, like how the elephant got it's trunk. But "[The Religion of] Evolution never ceases to amaze!"

  19. Deltafire
    Deltafire
    6 ditë më parë

    Great, now China can get rid of all the flies like they got rid of all the sparrows.

  20. Renato Marques
    Renato Marques
    7 ditë më parë

    On one extreme: flat-earthers, anti-vaxxers. On another extreme: anti-GMOs, anti-nuclear power. Those two extremes tie together to form a Möbius strip.

  21. Rage Maker
    Rage Maker
    7 ditë më parë

    Why tf do people care about genetically modifying a plant, it’s literally just a plant

  22. Prem Kumar
    Prem Kumar
    7 ditë më parë

    china + gene mutation + virus = that's a recipe for new pandemic

  23. Ser Loin Steak
    Ser Loin Steak
    7 ditë më parë

    A natural case of phagotherapy? Nature truly is incredible

  24. SmileSundew
    SmileSundew
    7 ditë më parë

    “the opportunity of defeating the enemy is provided by the enemy himself.” - Sun tzu the art of bugs

  25. Mark Reaves
    Mark Reaves
    7 ditë më parë

    One day humans will modify themselves so they can eat pretty much anything.

  26. Reily Smith
    Reily Smith
    7 ditë më parë

    "Eat plants they're healthy for you!" Me: "yeah, they're literally trying to poison me so I don't think so."

  27. Lai Wing Fai
    Lai Wing Fai
    7 ditë më parë

    This is truly amazing.

  28. Sarii hover
    Sarii hover
    7 ditë më parë

    lets take a moment about eating bats 🦇

  29. Sarii hover
    Sarii hover
    7 ditë më parë

    I want anti fast organism gene

  30. Dissociated Women Incorporated
    Dissociated Women Incorporated
    7 ditë më parë

    The hackers of the insect world! Just like how real hackers give themselves firewall genes in order to bypass them. That's how hacking works, right?

    1. li'l plague
      li'l plague
      7 ditë më parë

      that is pretty much the best way to explain it

  31. antwan1357
    antwan1357
    7 ditë më parë

    Basically you catch a virus that changes your DNA composition which is both bad and good the fly had to go through massive changes considering nearly all animals have camouflage . This suggests the original disease might have devastated the ancestor but the one percent survivor became mutated in just the right way to become a super survivor. This would explain the lack of camo as the wrecking of it's camo DNA being a side effect of this considering.

  32. telenNG
    telenNG
    7 ditë më parë

    Oh so this is how the tyranids first came into being good to know

  33. Amrita Roy
    Amrita Roy
    7 ditë më parë

    Wowowo

    1. Jerrold Busacay
      Jerrold Busacay
      6 ditë më parë

      Ur account so old

  34. BluBoots
    BluBoots
    7 ditë më parë

    Hank is a plant 😊

  35. William Henry England
    William Henry England
    7 ditë më parë

    Can we use the enzyme to make plants with poisonous glycosides edible for humans?

  36. Alex Panciera
    Alex Panciera
    7 ditë më parë

    So, if we inserted this gene into our own chromosomes, we could increase the number of plants we could safely eat?

  37. dead goon
    dead goon
    8 ditë më parë

    Wondering Wuhan in China this gene-tinkering was going on?

  38. Daniel Paoli
    Daniel Paoli
    8 ditë më parë

    It’s true..... those bastards are a pest for indoor cannabis cultivation...... thank you for this information!🙏🏻❤️

  39. Crypto
    Crypto
    8 ditë më parë

    *WEEKLY BITCOIN INVESTMENT PROFITS* 500$--------------3,000$ 1,000$------------7,500$ 3,000$------------31,000$ 4,000$------------45,000$ 5,000$-------------58,000$ 10,000$-------------70,000$ 20,000$-------------90,000$ Register with the company's trading platform today and make huge profit with the help of our expert traders.We manage your account with the profitable system that is 100% accurately. Text directly to our Expert Traders On WhatsApp🇺🇸🇺🇸 *+...1...5...0...3...6...6...2...7...0...1...4* for more guidance.

  40. Anibal Valenzuela
    Anibal Valenzuela
    8 ditë më parë

    That flies eats my weed

  41. Christmas Snow
    Christmas Snow
    8 ditë më parë

    There is also the potential to use the enzime as a poison antidote. Until a GMO plant is marketed, we can test if a synthetic enzime-disruptor itself can be used as pesticide.

  42. fany oktavia
    fany oktavia
    8 ditë më parë

    n the farmer have to buy that special plant seed from large company

  43. cleanthegreen
    cleanthegreen
    8 ditë më parë

    I hope they make more of these whitefly resistant crops, these little a-holes keep eating my chilies.

  44. Alden Consolver
    Alden Consolver
    8 ditë më parë

    Now we're havin fun LOL. GROOT come here, I need to borrow something...

  45. Matthew Cabrera
    Matthew Cabrera
    8 ditë më parë

    Plant: I’ve got you with my ultimate trap card, Yugi Fly! White Fly: You may have outsmarted me, but I have outsmarted your outsmarting! Plant: NANI?!?! **proceeds to activate Horizontal DNA Transfer card**

  46. QuitLife
    QuitLife
    8 ditë më parë

    So how exactly did or could the virus transfer the gene from the plant to an animal? I don't believe plant viruses can infect animals or vice versa, and even more unlikely for the gene to have been inserted into a gamete cell. If the gene in the insect indeed came from horizontal transfer then i think it most likely happened between different viruses and bacteria instead of a direct jump, and even then such a gene transfer between plants and animals would be totally unheard of.

  47. Mal-2 KSC
    Mal-2 KSC
    8 ditë më parë

    I think the name of this gene should be pronounced as "Beat Up Matt". Poor Matt.

  48. Account Name
    Account Name
    8 ditë më parë

    whiteflies are brutal

  49. Michael Stern
    Michael Stern
    8 ditë më parë

    Way too dank

  50. Michael Pennington
    Michael Pennington
    8 ditë më parë

    So, whiteflies are GMOs?

  51. G_P_Gon
    G_P_Gon
    8 ditë më parë

    mitochondria is present in plants, so likely, a genetic predecessor to both humans and plants existed, so we should share at least a gene

  52. IcyMidnight
    IcyMidnight
    8 ditë më parë

    Hank definitely has a plant gene.

  53. Steve Schulz
    Steve Schulz
    8 ditë më parë

    Does the Jolly Green Giant have a plant gene? HAS ANYONE CHECKED!?

  54. R MD
    R MD
    8 ditë më parë

    Ahh yes the good ole anti-gmo crowd. Holding back humanity from advancing farming science for 30 years!

  55. President uncle joe Tree jumper
    President uncle joe Tree jumper
    8 ditë më parë

    Fok China

  56. Richard Jones
    Richard Jones
    8 ditë më parë

    We will have to kill each whitefly individually.

  57. NinjaRunningWild
    NinjaRunningWild
    8 ditë më parë

    *"Your scientists were so preoccupied with whether or not they could, they didn't stop to think if they should."*

  58. AphidKirby
    AphidKirby
    8 ditë më parë

    It kinda makes me sad how so anthropocentric this discovery is framed as. This should make people love these creatures more! Not want to get rid of them, I'm afraid wonderful creatures like these will be brought to extinction in the future due to them being considered pests, it really doesn't make me look forward to technology advancements, it's our fault they become so widespread anyway. I just want the future to allow for their existence just as it allows our sustenance!

  59. Nozza
    Nozza
    8 ditë më parë

    Hank suddenly wondering if he has a plant gene was my reaction too

  60. russell knight
    russell knight
    8 ditë më parë

    I love this channel. I have been in Hort/Agric for over 30 yr & had an ongoing battle with white fly for most of it. Now I know why they always win. This channel & YT in general is the greatest educational tool/platform the human race has ever had. Thank you so much.

    1. Evan Nibbe
      Evan Nibbe
      6 ditë më parë

      This is where you need to go into editing the genes of a white fly such that when it or its offspring mates, the result is always a male white fly with the same gene. This then causes a gradual eradication of the white fly as the affected ones continuously seek out mates to keep the trend going. Florida is currently doing this with mosquitoes.

  61. HAITIANEGGHEAD
    HAITIANEGGHEAD
    8 ditë më parë

    Plant don’t want to be eaten🤯

  62. Jackof Blades399
    Jackof Blades399
    8 ditë më parë

    I feel a lot better about eating GMOs now that I know that nature does it too

  63. Laura Buche
    Laura Buche
    8 ditë më parë

    And they almost eat my Fuchsia too😭😭

  64. Ketsueki Kumori
    Ketsueki Kumori
    8 ditë më parë

    Hank: Do I have a plant gene? Well, if you did, you'd get another spot in Bizarre Beasts.

  65. Dorian Nox
    Dorian Nox
    8 ditë më parë

    Amazing and informative information 😃

  66. totalfreedom45
    totalfreedom45
    8 ditë më parë

    Plants and animals sometimes take genes from bacteria. And the green sea slug photosynthesizes with genes it steals from the algae it eats. 💕 ☮ 🌎 🌌

    1. QuitLife
      QuitLife
      8 ditë më parë

      the sea slug doesn't incorporate any plant genes into its own genome, merely keep the chloroplast it digests alive longer in its body after consuming it.

  67. MR ABV
    MR ABV
    8 ditë më parë

    I wonder if humans did the same, plants would taste different/we'd tolerate more toxic plants within a few generations.

  68. Raum Bances
    Raum Bances
    8 ditë më parë

    This might be more interesting than this coverage suggests. What if this is actually about a virus modifying it's vector insect to facilitate spreading to other plants? Doesn't work so well if your carrier keeps dying.

  69. M theory
    M theory
    8 ditë më parë

    The question of you having plant genes. I'm not sure, however, bug genes; are those compound eyes I see starting to grow? You may what to get that checked? Have you had any gene therapy? Really nice channel. I've watched all of them,

  70. Borlumi
    Borlumi
    9 ditë më parë

    People: "nooo! You can't get trans genetically modified in nature! It's only us humans who do that bad innatural stuff!" Whitefly: "Ah! Ah! Virus went hop hop"

  71. Ajiz
    Ajiz
    9 ditë më parë

    ...can...can we get plant genes? Just asking for a friend who wants to do photosynthesis.

  72. LET'S TALK
    LET'S TALK
    9 ditë më parë

    alfirst.info/load/rpmwdYq7nreCg6M/video

  73. **
    **
    9 ditë më parë

    "gene thieves" - where I heard about it?🙄

  74. Hi
    Hi
    9 ditë më parë

    We are going to decimate all insects just so we can eat some plants.

  75. Dragon Skunk Studio
    Dragon Skunk Studio
    9 ditë më parë

    GMO to the rescue once again.

  76. terkinstein
    terkinstein
    9 ditë më parë

    Hank, maybe you do have a plant gene. Check your trunk, see if it grows.

  77. chalgress12
    chalgress12
    9 ditë më parë

    first bug/grass found.

  78. Zedant
    Zedant
    9 ditë më parë

    What's the difference from stoling a plant gene and taking a piece of plant and taking it away.

  79. Nathan Levesque
    Nathan Levesque
    9 ditë më parë

    Here is yet another reason why anti-GMO rhetoric is so stupid. They rant and rave about the environment and pesticides, and then get mad about the thing that will solve it. Of course they also tend to believe in an entire raft of agricultural myths, like the idea that organic farming can feed the world and doesn't just waste land.

  80. Conlon
    Conlon
    9 ditë më parë

    Interestingly, white fly seem to leave my chilli plants alone, even though aphids don't.

  81. moodist 1er
    moodist 1er
    9 ditë më parë

    I think the arguments against gmos is around their ability to withstand pesticides and herbicides, mostly because they're being sprayed with pesticides and herbicides.

  82. May Charles
    May Charles
    9 ditë më parë

    ♀️-l-o-v-e->>>>>💖

  83. Enzy Cezar
    Enzy Cezar
    9 ditë më parë

    Humans are so near to the Answers

  84. Chris Baines
    Chris Baines
    9 ditë më parë

    0:52 How did the plants know what toxins to produce? Did they all get together and have a conference? How did they happen to decide on all the right chemical elements and chemicals to produce by trial and error over millions of years? How? Is that possible? 3:04 "...Of course, it stuck around". How on earth did a non-sentient - essentially lifeless - organism know to "stop around"? Is this a science show or fictional story time for children?

    1. legrandliseur tri
      legrandliseur tri
      8 ditë më parë

      Well, you need the evolution course 101, it seems.

  85. than217
    than217
    9 ditë më parë

    Only after a Whitefly infestation do you gain an appreciation for spiders.

  86. Jessebob Æ
    Jessebob Æ
    9 ditë më parë

    As a child I was told I grew like a weed. Now that I'm older I'm guessing it was crabgrass. 😁🍻

  87. Najwa Laylah
    Najwa Laylah
    9 ditë më parë

    I want that gene.

  88. Saberus Terras
    Saberus Terras
    9 ditë më parë

    Hank might have plant genes... he is quite Green!

  89. Penny Lane
    Penny Lane
    9 ditë më parë

    There are viruses that can infect plants and insects?!

  90. Tarek Wieland
    Tarek Wieland
    9 ditë më parë

    Hey just a curious biology student hasking: Does anyone know how the expressed siRNA molecule from the plant gets into the insect before getting broken down/ the general process of the siRNA getting into the insects cells?

  91. scp [REDACTED]
    scp [REDACTED]
    9 ditë më parë

    Burn the Gene Stealers! Do not let the xeno scum eliminate our crops!

  92. Nathan Okun
    Nathan Okun
    9 ditë më parë

    The very good horror book and movie RELIC is about a monster that does this WHOLESALE to use such selective body modifications as a weapon, rebuilding infected animals, including humans, into very deadly hybrid monsters -- it is much like the monster in the last version of THE THING, but slower to do its body rebuilding, though the results are just as dangerous.

  93. doc usnhmusmc
    doc usnhmusmc
    9 ditë më parë

    Please don't call anti-gmo people skeptics. It validates them.

  94. Jason Carto
    Jason Carto
    9 ditë më parë

    _"a team of Chinese researchers decided to take a peak at their genes"_ yes because they last time they did that went so well out of Wuhan...

    1. Jason Carto
      Jason Carto
      8 ditë më parë

      @legrandliseur tri you honestly think this? lol

    2. Hylian Wolf
      Hylian Wolf
      8 ditë më parë

      @legrandliseur tri its either another troll or just schizophrenic

    3. Hylian Wolf
      Hylian Wolf
      8 ditë më parë

      @Jason Carto bad b8

    4. legrandliseur tri
      legrandliseur tri
      8 ditë më parë

      What? Covid-19 started spreading in China because some animals over there passed it on to humans. It has nothing to do with researchers analysing dna. I hope you're simply misinformed, and not dumb.

    5. Jason Carto
      Jason Carto
      8 ditë më parë

      @Hylian Wolf well, you aren't disagreeing

  95. Tony Solano
    Tony Solano
    9 ditë më parë

    Hank: bread

  96. Malavoy L
    Malavoy L
    9 ditë më parë

    Vegans: I want that plant gene!!!!

  97. Weromano
    Weromano
    9 ditë më parë

    i want to have photosynthesis pls

  98. Silberzunge
    Silberzunge
    9 ditë më parë

    So if i eat my enemy will I get his strenght ?

  99. Angry Kittens
    Angry Kittens
    9 ditë më parë

    Ah. Horizontal Gene Transfer. The bane of phylogenetics.

  100. Tim Pierce
    Tim Pierce
    9 ditë më parë

    400mil, wow really? Why not 700mil?