Bones Began as Mineral Batteries

1 965 Shikime 198 mijë

Today, bones hold us up. But for ancient jawless fishes, bones may have been a way to store energy for long journeys. Plus, new research indicated that hippos and cetaceans may have evolved their aquatic traits separately.
Hosted by: Hank Green
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Sources:
Bone Evolution:
advances.sciencemag.org/content/7/14/eabb9113
jeb.biologists.org/content/215/11/1983
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6146198/
Whales & hippos:
www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(21)00301-8
Image Sources:
www.istockphoto.com/photo/human-bone-texture-gm170023814-22513199
www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/colorado-potato-beetles-plant-pest-insects-vermin-colorado-beetles-on-potato-plant-bmob05waitvzthsg
www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/underwater-shot-shark-bfn3fv13xjnoksgc2
www.eurekalert.org/multimedia/pub/260551.php?from=497886
www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/science-anatomy-of-human-body-in-x-ray-with-glow-skeleton-bones-sun82j4cxizqlc2v3
www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/titan-triggerfish-feeding-from-coral-reef-underwater-at-maledives-rz68zaugzjaf6hcp5
www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/underwater-video-as-a-killer-whale-floats-to-the-surface-to-gain-air-hunt-in-ocean-for-herring-near-fjords-of-tromso-exclusive-footage-filmed-on-a-red-camera-during-a-scientific-expedition-to-norway-bhl3zw-fqdkhudjl6g
www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/hippo-yawning-in-a-lake-at-moremi-game-reserve-botswana-rv4rf3tapkjsgtjnc
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:PZSL1850PlateMammalia21.png
www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/a-baby-hippo-eating-in-zoo-slk3jgecirwuvjp1
www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/hippos-getting-into-water-zw2-4dx
www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/huge-pod-of-southern-right-whales-in-hermanus-south-africa-hhxp5g_tfjeskoyhh
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Yunnanolepis.jpg
www.eurekalert.org/multimedia/pub/260550.php?from=497886

Komente

  1. Marcus Rogers
    Marcus Rogers
    9 ditë më parë

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  2. Camille Cirrus
    Camille Cirrus
    16 ditë më parë

    I love how subtitles for "Yes, BLOOD SWEAT" are in capital letters.

  3. Matthew Taylor
    Matthew Taylor
    20 ditë më parë

    A stealth eons episode I see

  4. Greg Heisenburg
    Greg Heisenburg
    20 ditë më parë

    Wish I could be as enthusiastic about most things as Hank is about teaching, he makes learning fun.

  5. Michael james
    Michael james
    20 ditë më parë

    You can't tease a Hippo like you can a dophin; they're notoriously thin-skinned. ('S'why they kill so many people. Most common last words of hippo victims " sheesh! Can't you take a joke?")

  6. Dadlord
    Dadlord
    24 ditë më parë

    Everything in body contains nutrients. Explanation sounds stupid.

  7. Herbert West
    Herbert West
    27 ditë më parë

    So this is how I learn that hippos don't have ball sacs.

  8. Michael P
    Michael P
    27 ditë më parë

    Whale whale whale what do we have here

  9. Erik Kastner
    Erik Kastner
    28 ditë më parë

    I’m not fat, I just have big batteries.

  10. Einstein WasRight
    Einstein WasRight
    29 ditë më parë

    In biology there is no "phosphorous" (highly chemically reactive), only "phosphate", which is the most abundant intracellular anion.

  11. Louisa MacMullen
    Louisa MacMullen
    Muaj më parë

    Wait. Where do fish make there blood or any other non tetrapod without bone marrow?

  12. Greg Burzynski
    Greg Burzynski
    Muaj më parë

    The segue is strong with this one.

  13. Malo Otua
    Malo Otua
    Muaj më parë

    Did you know that calcium is a metal?

  14. dmlp103
    dmlp103
    Muaj më parë

    This video had me looking up hippo testies...never thought I'd say that

  15. greg arius
    greg arius
    Muaj më parë

    Dave Christiansen is overrated.

  16. Scott Franco
    Scott Franco
    Muaj më parë

    Bones keep you from leaving snail tracks on linoleum floors.

  17. sarah davis
    sarah davis
    Muaj më parë

    I need someone to sit me down and explain to me why this episode wasn't named "A half-whale-half-hippo used to roam the Earth unchecked."

  18. Ali mohamed
    Ali mohamed
    Muaj më parë

    Thanks Dave

  19. Tanya
    Tanya
    Muaj më parë

    Please tell me about liquid metal robot please please please

  20. Danny Maurice
    Danny Maurice
    Muaj më parë

    Cetaceans are the stoner cousins to well whatever the hell hippos are, they seem chill. But that's it.

  21. SeanTr0n5000
    SeanTr0n5000
    Muaj më parë

    Scrotumless testies?? What?

  22. Guru
    Guru
    Muaj më parë

    1:30 FIBSEM!

  23. Batuhan
    Batuhan
    Muaj më parë

    This is just everyday endocrinology

  24. Albert Rivera
    Albert Rivera
    Muaj më parë

    Wait wait wait. You really glossed over the whole “scrotumless testees” thing.

  25. Wilkens Brito
    Wilkens Brito
    Muaj më parë

    Strange, Id never thought Hippos and Whales affiliated in a way.

  26. Sieko Valantin
    Sieko Valantin
    Muaj më parë

    Goddamn Nutrient Hoarders.

  27. Mitch Hill
    Mitch Hill
    Muaj më parë

    Looking forward to the video on legs

  28. Dave Holls
    Dave Holls
    Muaj më parë

    "Fish started making bones like ours because they stored nutrients"... as if the fish noticed our bones stored nutrients and decided to make their bones do the same thing 🤦‍♂️

  29. Vincent Pellegrino
    Vincent Pellegrino
    Muaj më parë

    Fascinating report. Thank you to you and your team.

  30. MarcAFK
    MarcAFK
    Muaj më parë

    Is the video description accurate? It mentions bones being used to store energy for long journeys. Which wasn't mentioned in teh video at all. It looks like the person writing the description was taking the term "mineral battery" literally.

  31. Skylar's Terrible Memes
    Skylar's Terrible Memes
    Muaj më parë

    i wonder if i could use osteolysis to make my skeletal structure more feminine lol

  32. Ethelred Hardrede
    Ethelred Hardrede
    Muaj më parë

    " Really bad title, Bone began as STORAGE for minerals. A battery is a set of guns. And later became a set of cells. Please use right words as this not mere semantics.

  33. Kiréalta
    Kiréalta
    Muaj më parë

    Imagine having the title "President of Space".

  34. Apfelkopf _
    Apfelkopf _
    Muaj më parë

    Now that's a title I'm willing to click.

  35. suggs
    suggs
    Muaj më parë

    HIPPOS DON'T HAVE SCROTUMS???

  36. William Shreckengost
    William Shreckengost
    Muaj më parë

    0:49 All hail Hypno-fish.

  37. #1 Tako
    #1 Tako
    Muaj më parë

    Now you've got me wondering just what kind of land dwelling lifestyle the hippo-cetacean ancestor was living to help prime its ancestors to aquatic lifestyles in separate ways?

  38. sara
    sara
    Muaj më parë

    Do you have something against people with trypophobia?

  39. cheesejam
    cheesejam
    Muaj më parë

    They what

  40. Rokas Val
    Rokas Val
    Muaj më parë

    Wtf with hipos in video about bones..

  41. Szabo Nandi
    Szabo Nandi
    Muaj më parë

    You've lost my attention at 4:21

  42. keir farnum
    keir farnum
    Muaj më parë

    The book “The Body Electric” discusses the piezoelectric properties of bones extensively.

  43. OscarThe419
    OscarThe419
    Muaj më parë

    Did Hank just say "SCROTUMLESS TESTES?" How??

  44. Al To
    Al To
    Muaj më parë

    Buen video, si el adn, los huesos y otras piezas del cuerpo biológico de animales es piezoeléctrico, entonces estas máquinas de proteína podrían hacer lo que en one piece con la tribu de mink, sin mencionar que si la Anguila eléctrica sus huesos tuvieran esto y hasta otras tecnologías, sería mayor la capacidad voltaiva de almacenamiento y descarga, sugerencia.

    1. Al To
      Al To
      Muaj më parë

      Si en teoría no a descargas pero si energía, la resistencia canina y forma de procesar comidas y otros, sería muy resistente el animal, pues sería músculos y huesos, sin mencionar que podría haber más, sugerencia parece que se acercan a ver puntos comunes evolutivos de adn.

  45. Joolius
    Joolius
    Muaj më parë

    Me, wanting to support the channel I watch the most but having one of the most devalued currencies of late (meaning even 5USD is a lot of money here): I wish I could, alas, I cannot ='( If you're curious, I'm from Brazil sadly

  46. MVP_KZ
    MVP_KZ
    Muaj më parë

    Drink more milk :)💪😉👍

  47. delta V Gaming
    delta V Gaming
    Muaj më parë

    Thank you sci show for making me search for hippo testies on google

  48. Jay Bingham
    Jay Bingham
    Muaj më parë

    How stupid do you think people are? Not all hippos wear jeans. And of those, it's only the kids that wear skinny jeans. Next hypothesis, please.

  49. Br LL
    Br LL
    Muaj më parë

    I think storage would be a better word than "battery"

  50. Mightymouse 1111
    Mightymouse 1111
    Muaj më parë

    TRUMP 2024!

  51. Robot Nipples
    Robot Nipples
    Muaj më parë

    I’m a mutant. My super power is blood sweat. So F you evil doers! I’m gonna rub up all over you until you change your evil ways!

  52. King Arthur
    King Arthur
    Muaj më parë

    Hippos when they work hard: “We put out Blood-sweat and tears into this!”

  53. True Anarchy
    True Anarchy
    Muaj më parë

    3:00 And the scientists believe........... belief is not science.

  54. Terry Armbruster
    Terry Armbruster
    Muaj më parë

    Hitting the graveyards to do some energy recycling 👍🤓

  55. Daniel Culver
    Daniel Culver
    Muaj më parë

    Whales have whiskers!?! Giant sea kitties

  56. Torbjörn Lekberg
    Torbjörn Lekberg
    Muaj më parë

    Wait. Blood swet?

  57. Gabriel Martins
    Gabriel Martins
    Muaj më parë

    Hippos: the cutest animal that will ravage you into pieces.

  58. infinateU
    infinateU
    Muaj më parë

    Are Earths telluric currents connected to our Star??

  59. Primarch359
    Primarch359
    Muaj më parë

    Bones are fat?

  60. BlackCat2
    BlackCat2
    Muaj më parë

    The absolutely adorable hippo ear twirling at 4:21 totally broke my concentration... I had to back up to watch it again. :)

  61. Hobo Pumpkin
    Hobo Pumpkin
    Muaj më parë

    Skeleton power🔋

  62. Big Sosig
    Big Sosig
    Muaj më parë

    Gonna try this on human bones. Brb

  63. What's A Good Username?
    What's A Good Username?
    Muaj më parë

    Един за алгоритъма

  64. Alex Zetsu
    Alex Zetsu
    Muaj më parë

    That explains why when blood calcium gets low the body is like "duhhh... I'll just bring it back up by breaking down the bones"

  65. keppi the alien
    keppi the alien
    Muaj më parë

    i support you with youtube premium. that’s all i can afford.

  66. airlink2142
    airlink2142
    Muaj më parë

    Shoot I knew that about whales and hippos, just no further than a Walmart parking lot!

  67. Admiral Nips
    Admiral Nips
    Muaj më parë

    Thank you Dave! Love you :)

  68. Sonja Johnson
    Sonja Johnson
    Muaj më parë

    Things I did not expect to hear today "scrotumless testes"

  69. Davis
    Davis
    Muaj më parë

    Aren't hippos pigs? And also don't those extra bones that are not attached to the skeleton of a whale actually serve a purpose that we don't know about yet?

  70. Adam Furtaw
    Adam Furtaw
    Muaj më parë

    I wonder what hippos would evolve into if man left them alone for a million years.

  71. Pedro Vieira
    Pedro Vieira
    Muaj më parë

    LOVED IT

  72. Mayhem
    Mayhem
    Muaj më parë

    "Blood Sweat" GREAT name for a band!!!

  73. Aster Grei
    Aster Grei
    Muaj më parë

    Hank is baaackkkkk! Hey mr “don’t eat aquarium rocks”

  74. Paulette May
    Paulette May
    Muaj më parë

    The material cherry culturally interrupt because wire bareilly fold against a flawless avenue. naughty, placid cathedral

  75. Like New Maidservice
    Like New Maidservice
    Muaj më parë

    Oh shoooooooot the guy who covered that tmbg song has a science show, cool

  76. Sphinx Tan
    Sphinx Tan
    Muaj më parë

    I watch thrice thinking that what is hippo and whale to do with bone......

  77. Christopher Ellis
    Christopher Ellis
    Muaj më parë

    Failures not sigh or deuce, see

  78. Chris Baines
    Chris Baines
    Muaj më parë

    6:16 Fish knew how to make bones because they knew in advance that they could store nutrients in them. They also knew which nutrients would be beneficial for them to store and they also knew it would be better not to evolve into human beings even though human beings would exist and then subjugate, capture and kill fish. They knew what would be beneficial for them and what would be harmful for them. They knew how to create and change their biology on a macro, cellular and atomic level so that everything went perfectly. They had complete knowledge of themselves and they were all wise. This is what I am understanding from your statement, Hank. This is what your Patreons pay for you to produce.

  79. Abby W.
    Abby W.
    Muaj më parë

    What happened to the long running president of space?

  80. MrEmrys24
    MrEmrys24
    Muaj më parë

    I'm just glad that my bones are always here to support me

  81. Angel Beltran
    Angel Beltran
    Muaj më parë

    Why call them batteries instead of mineral stores? I thought this was going to be about storing chemical energy in bone.

  82. Artem
    Artem
    Muaj më parë

    Thank you to my skeleton for all its support!

  83. CCCW
    CCCW
    Muaj më parë

    I like the little "paper falling off" animation of the topic "poster" in the back as the video progresses.

  84. ekszentrik
    ekszentrik
    Muaj më parë

    Reminder that is far from inconceivable that a hippo will watch this, provided that 1a) the internet isn't switched off due to a Zombie apocalypse and 1b) ALfirst content stays up, and 2) we eventually genetically uplift other animals.

  85. E Chase
    E Chase
    Muaj më parë

    Medicine assumes that having ‘high bone density’ is what prevents fractures. With ageing, part of what we lose is our “collagen matrix”. This is what makes our bones ‘bendy’ and resilient during impact such as accidents or falls. This there’s an area that needs more research. The ‘bone builder’ drugs are not actually shown to reduce hip and spinal fractures. I disturbingly high percentage of people who fall and get a broken hip, will never walk properly again. Mortality shoots up in the 1-year window, post injury.

  86. james white
    james white
    Muaj më parë

    like a battery how stupid click bate

  87. Zaubermaus
    Zaubermaus
    Muaj më parë

    sooo... hippos have a kyuubi inside them eh? X_x

  88. besenyeim
    besenyeim
    Muaj më parë

    These short videos are great and all, but I don't like the practice of mentioning only one topic in the title. I'd like to see them split into two videos. Mentioning both in the title is also a better way.

  89. andy 47
    andy 47
    Muaj më parë

    Im a hippo and I am offended. I am coming hank

  90. twocvbloke
    twocvbloke
    Muaj më parë

    The other thing hippos win in, the way they poo, it's so hilariously bad, and you REALLY wouldn't want to be caught in that particular expulsion of matter... :P

  91. PsychoMuffinSDM
    PsychoMuffinSDM
    Muaj më parë

    Great... Now I know that hippos don't have scrotums. I don't really feel I needed to know that, but nonetheless, I don't think I can unknow that now.

    1. Pat The Plant
      Pat The Plant
      Muaj më parë

      Victorian lady to Zookeeper: "Is that a lady hippo or a gentleman hippo?" Zookeeper (who had no clue which it is): "That, Madam, should only be of concern to another hippo!"

  92. duhmez
    duhmez
    Muaj më parë

    Scrotumless Testes was myt first AOL screen name!!

  93. flamencoprof
    flamencoprof
    Muaj më parë

    Why can't I find a bar where it would be OK to mention anything from this? In the Eighties I would bring up things like this at work in lunchroom conversations; all I got was a reputation for my "Irrelevant Fact of the Day" LOL.

  94. Napoléon I Bonaparte
    Napoléon I Bonaparte
    Muaj më parë

    Can’t spell nutrients without nut.

  95. Alexander Sklar
    Alexander Sklar
    Muaj më parë

    scrotum-less testes.... excuse me what?

  96. john doe
    john doe
    Muaj më parë

    I like short videos but I love comments that summarize the whole video more

  97. BRIAN ENGH PALEOART
    BRIAN ENGH PALEOART
    Muaj më parë

    0:46 Oh wow! That's my Bothriolepis! Thank you @SciShow for featuring Yara Haridy's breakthrough study on bone evolution! So stoked!!!

    1. BRIAN ENGH PALEOART
      BRIAN ENGH PALEOART
      Muaj më parë

      @keir farnum "stoked" is mos definitely in the scientific lexicon, but that being said, I'm an artist. I talk how I want 👹 Glad yall like the art!! Mad honored to have it included.

    2. Rebecca Yu
      Rebecca Yu
      Muaj më parë

      i love the absolute unit thank you

    3. Jeuro38
      Jeuro38
      Muaj më parë

      Stunning art man, hats off!

    4. keir farnum
      keir farnum
      Muaj më parë

      Is “stoked” the technical academic terminology used in paleoevolutionary biology? 😉

  98. Mister Owl
    Mister Owl
    Muaj më parë

    Geez hank you aged like 10 years love ya bro take a week off.

  99. boboraxo
    boboraxo
    Muaj më parë

    Why is this called Scishow? No science here, only speculation, imagination, belief. Some facts about existing life biology then the always crazy attempts to tie it to some kind of evolution. Its always that way. Because there is never any proof. In fact modern knowledge of micro and molecular biology proves the opposite, and THAT is science..

    1. jaymz1999
      jaymz1999
      Muaj më parë

      @boboraxo The fact of Evolution did not change one bit from any of that. What are you suggesting?

    2. boboraxo
      boboraxo
      Muaj më parë

      @jaymz1999 My comment is not a suggestion, it is facts, a few of many, that prove evolution is not a fact. Here is the only fact that matters: natural random events cannot generate complex molecules required for life, no matter the scenario. Impossible and that's a fact. No one knows what the first simplest life form was. No one knows how the first carbon based complex molecules came to be. No one knows how they became more complex molecules that interacted with other complex molecules to become functional in some primitive manner. No one knows how that progressed to eventual primitive coded DNA that guides reproduction. No one knows......until that is known and reproduced in the lab, which should be easy given the ideal pristine conditions not found in hostile nature, then virtually everything about evolution is pure speculation. Belief. Not fact. Not knowledge. Like dinosaurs to birds, absurd. Proof that no one knows: alfirst.info/load/gmmeYmiqd7uCeIk/video

    3. jaymz1999
      jaymz1999
      Muaj më parë

      Are you suggesting Evolution is not a fact?

  100. IIARROWS
    IIARROWS
    Muaj më parë

    Creationists should have bring the bone as an example instead of the eye, it's much more interesting, incredible and fascinating.